In Chapter 4 the panel discusses the ACS in more detail, focusing on its potential for changing the SESTAT Program. A very important aspect of the ACS for NSF involves the potential addition of a question on field of degree, which is discussed in this chapter. Chapter 5 examines the issue of adding a field-of-degree question to the ACS, while Chapter 6 discusses in detail the pros and cons of using the ACS with the field-of-degree question as a sampling frame for the NSCG (and other NSF surveys). The final chapter responds to the panel’s charge to consider potential future improvements in the ability to understand the nation’s science and engineering workforce when the ACS is available for sampling and analysis purposes.

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