Appendix A

NAS Recommendations and Supporting Actions mapped to NAVSEA Implementation Concept

Recommendation A: Increase America’s talent pool by vastly improving K-12 science and mathematics education.

Supporting Action

NAVSEA Implementation Concept

Action A-1: Annually recruit 10,000 science and mathematics teachers by awarding 4-year scholarships and thereby educating 10 million minds.

  • Through AMIE and Timbuktu Academy, develop relationships to bring potential teachers into the NAVSEA environment to stimulate interest in application of STEM to real world problems.

  • NAVSEA funding augmented to allow for co-sponsorship of scholarships

Action A-2: Strengthen the skills of 250,000 teachers through training and education programs at summer institutes, in master’s programs, and in Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) training programs.

  • NAVSEA sponsor summer institutes, “Carrier”, “Ship”, and “Sub” camps (CSSC) where teachers and students are immersed in stimulating, practical application of STEM concepts to develop technology solutions.

  • Provide opportunities for teachers to experience cutting edge tools, modeling and simulation, and tour training and laboratory resources.

    • Host conferences and seminars based on NAVSEA program activities and needs.

Action A-3: Enlarge the pipeline of students who are prepared to enter college and graduate with a degree in science,

  • NAVSEA personnel participate in community based mentoring of students to allow individual relationships to build and develop interest in students to address issues and capabilities of interest to NAVSEA.

  • Science Fair sponsorship with NAVSEA employees acting as judges.



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Appendix A NAS Recommendations and Supporting Actions mapped to NAVSEA Implementation Concept Recommendation A: Increase America’s talent pool by vastly improving K–12 science and mathematics education. Supporting Action NAVSEA Implementation Concept Action A-1: Annually recruit 10,000 Through AMIE and Timbuktu Academy, develop relationships to bring potential • teachers into the NAVSEA environment to stimulate interest in application of STEM science and mathematics teachers by to real world problems. awarding 4-year scholarships and thereby NAVSEA funding augmented to allow for co-sponsorship of scholarships • educating 10 million minds. Action A-2: Strengthen the skills of NAVSEA sponsor summer institutes, “Carrier”, “Ship”, and “Sub” camps (CSSC) • where teachers and students are immersed in stimulating, practical application of 250,000 teachers through training and STEM concepts to develop technology solutions. education programs at summer institutes, Provide opportunities for teachers to experience cutting edge tools, modeling and • in master’s programs, and in Advanced simulation, and tour training and laboratory resources. Placement (AP) and International • Host conferences and seminars based on NAVSEA program activities and Baccalaureate (IB) training programs. needs. Action A-3: Enlarge the pipeline of NAVSEA personnel participate in community based mentoring of students to allow • individual relationships to build and develop interest in students to address issues students who are prepared to enter college and capabilities of interest to NAVSEA. and graduate with a degree in science, Science Fair sponsorship with NAVSEA employees acting as judges. • A-1

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engineering, or mathematics by increasing Focus on Middle School Students • the number of students who pass AP and IB science and mathematics courses. Recommendation B: Sustain and strengthen the nation’s traditional commitment to long-term basic research that has the potential to be transformational to maintain the flow of new ideas that fuel the economy, provide security, and enhance the quality of life. Action B-1: Increase the federal NAVSEA provide contracting incentives requiring a minimum of three percent • HBCU/MI participation for all major acquisition contracts. investment in long-term basic research by Continue the focus on STTR/SBIR with ONR and teaming with small • 10% each year over the next 7 years businesses/academic institutions. through reallocation of existing funds or, • Support establishing research laboratories on HBCU campuses. if necessary, through the investment of new funds Action B-2: Provide new research grants Provide access to NAVSEA research and development facilities as “in kind” • contributions to augment scholarships. of $500,000 each annually, payable over 5 • Support establishing research laboratories on HBCU campuses. years, to 200 of the nation’s most outstanding early-career researchers. Action B-3: Institute a National Establish a competition for basic research in areas of interest to NAVSEA similar to • the DARPA Grand Challenge. Coordination Office for Advanced • Establish and expand upon the Center for Undersea Technology Research Research Instrumentation and Facilities to (CUTR) concept developed by NUWCDIVNPT manage a fund of $500 million in A-2

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incremental funds per year over the next 5 years—through reallocation of existing funds or, if necessary, through the investment of new funds—to ensure that universities and government laboratories create and maintain the facilities, instrumentation, and equipment needed for leading-edge scientific discovery and technological development. Universities and national laboratories would compete annually for these funds. Action B-4: Allocate at least 8% of the Establish a competition for basic research in areas of interest to NAVSEA similar • to the DARPA Grand Challenge. budgets of federal research agencies to discretionary funding that would be managed by technical program managers in the agencies and be focused on catalyzing high-risk, high-payoff research of the type that often suffers in today’s increasingly risk-averse environment. Action B-5: Create in the Department of Support and engage with the agency to leverage resources and resulting • technologies and concepts Energy an organization like the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) called the Advanced Research A-3

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Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). Action B-6: Institute a Presidential Leverage and co-sponsor activities. • Innovation Award to stimulate scientific and engineering advances in the national interest. Recommendation C: Make the United States the most attractive setting in which to study and perform research so that we can develop, recruit, and retain the best and brightest students, scientists and engineers from within the United States and throughout the world. Action C-1: Increase the number and Support implementation and sponsoring of scholarships through agencies such as • NAS and NSF to provide scholarships at all levels. proportion of US citizens who earn • NAVSEA offer in kind access to apprenticeships and research resources. bachelor’s degree in the physical sciences, the life sciences, engineering, and mathematics by providing 25,000 new 4- year competitive undergraduate scholarships each year to US citizens attending US institutions. Action C-2: Increase the number of US Co-Sponsor scholarships • NAVSEA expand on NAVSEA Intern Program and high school apprentice program • citizens pursuing graduate study in “areas with access to research resources. of national need” by funding 5,000 new graduate fellowships each year. A-4

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Action C-3: Provide a federal tax credit to NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. encourage employers to make continuing education available (either internally or though colleges and universities) to practicing scientists and engineers. Action C-4: Continue to improve visa NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. processing for international students and scholars to provide less complex procedures and continue to make improvements on such issues as visa categories and duration, travel for scientific meetings, the technology alert list, reciprocity agreements, and changes in status. Action C-5: Provide a 1-year automatic NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. visa extension to international students who receive doctorates or the equivalent in science, technology, engineering, mathematics, or other fields of national need at qualified US institutions to remain in the United States to seek employment. If these students are offered jobs by US- based employers and pass a security screening test, they should be provided A-5

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automatic work permits and expedited residence status. If students are unable to obtain employment within 1 year, their visas would expire. Action C-6: Institute a new skills-based, NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. preferential immigration option. Action C-7: Reform the current system of NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. “deemed exports”. Recommendation D: Ensure that the United States is the premier place in the world to innovate; invest in downstream activities such as manufacturing and marketing; and create high-paying jobs based on innovation by such actions as modernizing the patent system, realigning tax policies to encourage innovation, and ensuring affordable broadband access. Action D-1: Enhance intellectual-property No direct influence • Can offer better access to SBIRs/STTRs • protection for the 21st-century global economy to ensure that systems for protecting patents and other forms of intellectual property underlie the emerging knowledge economy but allow research to enhance innovation. Action D-2: Enact a stronger research and NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. development tax credit to encourage A-6

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private investment in innovation. Action D-3: Provide tax incentives for US- NOT APPLICABLE TO NAVSEA DIRECTLY. based innovation. Action D-4: Ensure ubiquitous broadband Provide funding for target student populations to gain internet access on a need • basis linked to science fair prizes and other innovation oriented programs. Internet access. A-7