cords is embedded in larger issues of how to improve what has historically been a difficult and unpredictable path to transition NASA research capabilities to operational use (NRC, 2003). As noted in congressional testimony by a co-chair of the 2007 Earth Science and Applications from Space decadal survey:

There is a lack of clear agency responsibility for sustained research programs and the transitioning of proof-of-concept measurements into sustained measurement systems. To address societal and research needs, both the quality and the continuity of the measurement record must be assured through the transition of short-term, exploratory capabilities, into sustained observing systems. The elimination of the requirements for climate research-related measurements on NPOESS is the most recent example of the failure to sustain critical measurements.7

REFERENCES

NRC (National Research Council). 2000a. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part I. Science and Design. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2000b. Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part II. Implementation. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2003. Satellite Observations of the Earth’s Environment: Accelerating the Transition of Research to Operations. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2004a. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2004b. Utilization of Operational Environmental Satellite Data: Ensuring Readiness for 2010 and Beyond. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2005. Earth Sciences and Applications from Space: Urgent Needs and Opportunities to Serve the Nation. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2007. Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

NRC. 2008. Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft: A Workshop Report. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

7

Testimony of Richard A. Anthes before the Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, June 28, 2007.



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