the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean program’s Science Working Group. Dr. Curry previously served on the NRC Committee to Review NASA’s Polar Geophysical Data Sets, the Panel on Coastal Meteorology, the Climate Research Committee, and the Space Studies Board. She was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft.

CRAIG J. DONLON is director of the International GODAE (Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment) High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature Pilot Project (GHRSST-PP) at the Meteorological Office Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in Exeter, England. He is also the JCOMM (Joint Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology) Services Programme Area coordinator, and he is responsible for international coordination of Marine Safety Services, Marine Accident and Emergency Response Systems, Waves and Storm Surges, and Sea Ice. Dr. Donlon has expertise in international weather and climate programs and the creation of climate data records. His work has been recognized with awards that include the 2000 American Meteorological Society (AMS) Editors award for the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, the 1997 and 1994 Royal Society award for the 1997 and 1994 MUBEX experiment, and the 1989 European Commission Marie Curie Fellowship Award.

JUDITH L. LEAN has worked in the Naval Research Laboratory’s Space Science Division since 1986, where her research focuses on the mechanisms, measurements, and modeling of variations in the Sun’s radiative output and the effects of this variability on Earth’s global climate and space weather. She is a guest investigator on NASA’s Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite and the Living with a Star and Sun-Earth Connection programs. Dr. Lean has testified on the science of climate change before the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space. She is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, the American Astronomical Society (Solar Physics Division), and the AMS. Dr. Lean served on the NRC Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate, the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, and the Panel on Climate Variability and Change. She was a member of the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft.

BERRIEN MOORE III is a professor and the director of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space at the University of New Hampshire. A professor of systems research, he received the university’s 1993 Excellence in Research Award and was named University Distinguished Professor in 1997. Dr. Moore’s research focuses on the carbon cycle, global biogeochemical cycles, and global change as well as policy issues in the area of the global environment. He has served on several NASA advisory committees, and in 1987 he chaired the NASA Space and Earth Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Moore led the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Task Force on Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling prior to serving as chair of the overarching Scientific Committee of the IGBP (SC-IGBP). As chair of the SC-IGBP (1998-2002), Dr. Moore served as a lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Third Assessment Report (2001). He chaired the 2001 Open Science Conference on Global Change in Amsterdam and is one of the four architects of the Amsterdam Declaration on Global Change. Dr. Moore has contributed actively to committees at the NRC, and served as co-chair of the NRC Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future. He is also a member of the Space Studies Board and served on the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft.

R. STEVEN NEREM is a professor of aerospace engineering sciences at the University of Colorado (UC) Boulder. He is also an associate director of the Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research and a fellow of the Colorado Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. Prior to joining UC in 2000, Dr. Nerem worked at NASA God-dard Space Flight Center as a geophysicist; prior to that, he was an associate professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a leader in geodetic and oceanographic research, and a specialist in satellite geodesy and its applications to solid-Earth physics, ocean dynamics, and related climate sciences. His work covers many of the areas of satellite geodesy, including satellite orbit determination, satellite remote sensing, geodetic techniques, gravity

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