Appendix E
Acronyms and Abbreviations

21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership

ACES advanced collaborative emissions study

AH ampere-hour

AHHPS Advanced Heavy Hybrid Propulsion System

ALVW adjusted loaded vehicle weight

APBF Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels

APU auxiliary power unit

AVTA Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity

bhp-h brake horsepower-hour

BTL biomass-to-liquids

CARB California Air Resources Board

CERDEC Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center

CFD computational fluid dynamics

CH4 methane

CMV commercial motor vehicle

CLEERS Cross-cut Lean Exhaust Emissions Reductions Simulations

CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide

CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

CRC Coordinating Research Council

DCT Diesel Crosscut Team

DEC Diesel Emission Control

DEER Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research

DOD U.S. Department of Defense

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

DOT U.S. Department of Transportation

DPF Diesel Particulate Filter

DPIM Dual Power Inverter Model

EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Office of)

EGR exhaust gas recirculation

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EMD engine manufacturer diagnostic

EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership

FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies

FHWA Federal Highway Administration

FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

FOT field operational test

FTP Federal Test Procedure

FY fiscal year

gal gallon

g/bhp-h grams per brake horsepower-hour

GCW gross combination weight

GFIC ground-fault interrupter circuit

g/mi grams per mile

gpm gallons per mile

GREET Greenhouse Gas Regulated Emissions, and Transportation

GTL gas-to-liquid

GVW gross vehicle weight

GVWR gross vehicle weight rating

HC hydrocarbon

HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition

HEI Health Effects Institute

HEV hybrid electric vehicle

HFC halogenated fluorocarbon

HFRR high frequency reciprocating rig

HHDDE heavy heavy-duty diesel engine

HHV hybrid heavy-duty electric vehicle

HP high pressure

hp horsepower

HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory

HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning

ICE internal combustion engine

ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems

JCAP Japanese Clean Air Program

KOH potassium hydroxide

kWh kilowatt-hour

lb pound

LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard



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appendix e acronyms and abbreviations 21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership ACES advanced collaborative emissions study FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies AH ampere-hour FHWA Federal Highway Administration AHHPS Advanced Heavy Hybrid Propulsion System FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration ALVW adjusted loaded vehicle weight FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards APBF Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels FOT field operational test APU auxiliary power unit FTP Federal Test Procedure AVTA Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity FY fiscal year bhp-h brake horsepower-hour gal gallon BTL biomass-to-liquids g/bhp-h grams per brake horsepower-hour CARB California Air Resources Board GCW gross combination weight CERDEC Communications-Electronics Research, GFIC ground-fault interrupter circuit Development and Engineering Center g/mi grams per mile CFD computational fluid dynamics gpm gallons per mile CH4 methane GREET Greenhouse Gas Regulated Emissions, and CMV commercial motor vehicle Transportation CLEERS Cross-cut Lean Exhaust Emissions GTL gas-to-liquid Reductions Simulations GVW gross vehicle weight CO carbon monoxide GVWR gross vehicle weight rating CO2 carbon dioxide HC hydrocarbon CRADA Cooperative Research and Development HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition Agreement HEI Health Effects Institute CRC Coordinating Research Council HEV hybrid electric vehicle DCT Diesel Crosscut Team HFC halogenated fluorocarbon DEC Diesel Emission Control HFRR high frequency reciprocating rig DEER Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions HHDDE heavy heavy-duty diesel engine Research HHV hybrid heavy-duty electric vehicle DOD U.S. Department of Defense HP high pressure DOE U.S. Department of Energy hp horsepower DOT U.S. Department of Transportation HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory DPF Diesel Particulate Filter HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning DPIM Dual Power Inverter Model ICE internal combustion engine EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems (Office of) JCAP Japanese Clean Air Program EGR exhaust gas recirculation KOH potassium hydroxide EPA Environmental Protection Agency kWh kilowatt-hour EMD engine manufacturer diagnostic lb pound EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard 

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 APPENdIX E LDT light-duty truck OEM original equipment manufacturer LDT1 light-duty truck 1 OHVT Office of Heavy Vehicles Technology LEV Low Emission Vehicle ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory LHDDE light heavy-duty diesel engine PART Program Assessment Rating Tool LP low pressure PC passenger car LSD low sulfur diesel PCCI premixed charge compression ignition LTC low-temperature combustion PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle LVW loaded vehicle weight PM particulate matter MBRC Miles Between Road Call PM2.5 particulate matter smaller than MDPV medium-duty passenger vehicle 2.5 micrometers in diameter (also PM10) MDV medium-duty vehicle PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles MET More Electric Truck PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit MFC Model Fund Consortium R&D research and development MHDDE medium heavy-duty diesel engine RFS Renewable Fuels Standard mi miles rpm revolutions per minute mpg miles per gallon SAE Society of Automotive Engineers mph miles per hour SCR Selective Catalytic Reduction MYPP Multi-Year Program Plan SET Supplemental Emission Test N 2O nitrous oxides SI spark-ignited NAC NOx absorber catalyst SO2 sulfur dioxide NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety SULEV Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle Administration SUV sport utility vehicle NMHC nonmethane hydrocarbon TACOM U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Command NMOG nonmethane organic gas TARDEC Tank-Automotive Research, Development NOx oxides of nitrogen and Engineering Center NPBF Non-Petroleum Based Fuels ULEV Ultra Low Emission Vehicle NRC National Research Council ULSD ultra-low sulfur diesel NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research NTE Not-to-Exceed UTQGS Uniform Tire Quality Grading System NTP National Toxicology Program VIUS Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey OBD on-board diagnostic Wh/kg watt hours per kilogram OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and WHR waste heat recovery Development