Appendixes



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appendixes

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appendix a Biographical sketches of committee members John H. Johnson, Chair, is a Presidential Professor Jewel B. Barlow is director of Glenn L. Martin Wind Emeritus, Department of Mechanical Engineering- Tunnel at the University of Maryland, College Park. His Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological Univer- research areas include applied aerodynamics, experimental sity (MTU), and a fellow of the Society of Automotive aerodynamics, flight mechanics and control, vehicle design Engineers and the American Society of Mechanical Engi- process, and vehicle aerodynamics. Dr. Barlow is a mem- neers. His experience spans a wide range of analysis and ber of the Society of Automotive Engineers’ Road Vehicle experimental work related to advanced engine concepts, Aerodynamics Committee. His publications include the diesel and other internal-combustion engine emissions book “Low Speed Wind Tunnel Testing,” now in its third studies, fuel systems, and engine simulation. Dr. Johnson edition (Wiley 1999) and numerous papers. He holds a B.S. had been previously Project Engineer, U.S. Army Tank in physics and an M.S. in aerospace engineering, both from Automotive Center, and chief engineer, Applied Engine Auburn University, and a Ph.D. in aerospace engineering Research, International Harvester Company before joining from the University of Toronto. the MTU mechanical engineering faculty. In 1986-1993, he Paul N. Blumberg (NAE) is a consultant in the areas of served as chairman of the MTU Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics. He has served engines and powertrain systems. His previous positions at on many committees related to engine technology, engine Ford Motor Company include director, Physical Sciences and emissions, and health effects—for example, committees Systems Research Laboratory and Powertrain and Vehicle of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the National Research, Ford Research Laboratories; director, Task Force Research Council (NRC), the Combustion Institute, the on Fuel Consumption Reduction, Research & Vehicle Tech- Health Effects Institute, and the Environmental Protection nology, Product Development and Director, Global Product Agency—and has been a consultant to a number of govern- Development Information Technology Systems. Other posi- ment and private-sector institutions. In particular, he served tions that Dr. Blumberg has held include president/principal on the NRC’s Committee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles engineer, Ricardo North America Incorporated; and man- and Light Trucks and the Committee on the Effectiveness ager, Engine & Powertrain Systems Technology, Science & and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Technology Laboratory, International Harvester Company. and Standards and chaired the Committee on Review of He has extensive experience with engine systems analysis; DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. Presently, he hybrid powertrains; fuel economy technologies; internal is a member of the NRC Committee on the Fuel Economy combustion engines, including diesel, gasoline, compressed of Light-Duty Vehicles. In 2002, Dr. Johnson was hon- natural gas and hydrogen; emission control systems and cata- ored with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers’ lysts, and aluminum alloy casting technology. Dr. Blumberg Soichiro Honda Medal. He was recognized with this was elected fellow of the Society for Automotive Engineers. medal for advancing the understanding of vehicle cooling He serves on a number of advisory boards including as out- problems and for research investigations into the origin of side reviewer to some of the national laboratories work on diesel exhaust pollutants and their impact on human health. advanced vehicle technologies, such as combustion engines He received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the and fuel cell power plants. He has a Ph.D. in chemical University of Wisconsin. engineering from the University of Michigan, an S.M. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and an S.B. from MIT. 

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00 REVIEW OF THE ST CENTURY TRUCK PARTNERSHIP Andrew Brown, Jr. (NAE) is executive director and chief Patrick F. Flynn (NAE) is retired vice president for research technologist, Delphi Corporation. Dr. Brown went to Delphi at Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Among other profes- from the General Motors Research and Development Center sional associations, Dr. Flynn was on the executive advisory in Warren, Michigan, where he was director of Strategic board of the U.S. Army University Research Initiative and Futures. He served as manager of Saturn Car Facilities from was on the advisory board for the Department of Energy’s 1985 to 1987. At Saturn, he was on the Site Selection Team combustion research facility at Sandia National Laboratories. and responsible for the conceptual design and engineering of Dr. Flynn is a member of the Combustion Institute and a this innovative manufacturing facility. Dr. Brown began his registered professional engineer in Indiana. He has served General Motors career as a project engineer at Manufacturing on a number of National Research Council boards and com- Development in 1973. He progressed in the engineering field mittees, including as a member, Board on Army Science and as senior project engineer, staff development engineer, and Technology; chair, Committee on Portable Energy Sources manager of research and development for the manufactur- for the Objective Force Warrior; member, Committee on the ing staff. During this period, he worked on manufacturing Future of Personal Transport in China; and member, Com- processes and systems with an emphasis on energy systems, mittee on Army After Next Logistics. He has expertise in productivity improvement, and environmental efficiency. diesel engine designs, mechanical engineering and integrated Before joining GM, he supervised process development at power systems. He received his bachelor’s and master’s Allied-Signal Corporation, now Honeywell, Incorporated, degrees in agricultural engineering from the University of in Morristown, N.J. He earned a B.S. degree in chemi- Minnesota, his M.B.A. from Indiana University, and his cal engineering from Wayne State University in 1971. He Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of received an M.B.A. in finance and marketing from Wayne Wisconsin. State University in 1975 and an M.S. degree in mechani- Thomas D. Gillespie is a Research Professor Emeritus and cal engineering with a focus on energy and environmental engineering from the University of Detroit–Mercy in 1978. former director of the Great Lakes Center for Truck and He completed the Pennsylvania State University Executive Transit Research at the University of Michigan. He currently Management Course in 1979. A registered professional works part time at Mechanical Simulation Corporation in engineer, Dr. Brown earned a Doctorate of Engineering Ann Arbor, Michigan, as the director of product planning. in September 1992. He is currently serving or has served His research is in vehicle dynamics and vehicle-roadway on the boards of the following organizations: Society of interaction. He was at the University of Michigan from 1976 Automotive Engineers, Engineering Society of Detroit, to 2005, except for service in 1987-1988 as a senior policy Convergence Education Foundation, National Inventors Hall analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology of Fame, Convergence Transportation Electronics Founda- Policy. From 1973 to 1976 he was with Ford Motor Com- tion, National Council of Engineering Examiners, State of pany. Dr. Gillespie is the author of Fundamentals of Vehicle Michigan Board of Professional Engineers, WSR College dynamics (Society of Automotive Engineers, 1992). He was of Engineering Board of Advisors. Dr. Brown has been an a member of Transportation Research Board’s Committee adjunct professor at Wayne State University, the University for a Study of Consumer Automotive Safety Information. He of Michigan, and Tsinghua University (Beijing, China). holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Pennsylvania State University as well as an M.S. and a B.S. from the Joseph M. Colucci (NAE) is president, Automotive Fuels Carnegie Institute of Technology. Consulting, Inc., and retired executive director, Materials S. William Gouse is vice president of the Intelligent Trans- Research, General Motors Research and Development Center. His previous positions included serving as head, portation Society of America, a position that he has held assistant head, research engineer, and senior research engi- since early 2006. He is also managing director, Sustainable neer, Fuel and Lubricants Department, General Motors Transport and Vehicle Systems. His previous positions Research and Development Laboratories. His research inter- include executive director, United States Council for Auto- est focuses on vehicle emissions and fuel economy and on the motive Research; vice president of engineering, American interactions among the engine, fuel system, fuel, and emis- Trucking Association; executive engineer for technology sions-control system. Conventional engines (spark-ignition planning, Freightliner, LLC; and others. He has 25 years and diesel) and fuels (gasoline and diesel fuel), alternative of experience in automotive/truck and vehicle systems as fuels, and new vehicle propulsion systems (hybrids and fuel a product design and development engineer and manager, cells) are also among his current interests. These research planning and executing domestic and international projects topics have societal benefits for improved air quality and for research, testing, evaluation, prototyping, and production reduced vehicular energy consumption. Mr. Colucci has of safety, environmental, alternative, and conventional fuels, served on numerous technical advisory committees. He has and of vehicle intelligence systems, as well as in regulatory a B.S.M.E. from Michigan State University and an M.S.M.E. and technology policy. He has also managed government- from the California Institute of Technology. sponsored/cooperative research and development programs,

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0 APPENdIX A technical communications, and program outreach. Mr. Gouse Industrial Research Institute (IRI) and has served on the IRI has published numerous technical papers and articles on board of directors. He is now an emeritus member of IRI. vehicle technologies, emissions controls, and systems engi- Dr. Howell earned his bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate neering and holds several patents for both products and pro- degrees in aeronautical and astronautical engineering at the cesses. He holds a bachelor of mechanical engineering from University of Illinois, Urbana. the Georgia Institute of Technology and is a candidate for a Thomas M. Jahns, Grainger Professor of Power Electronics masters of science in transport emissions at the University of Leeds, United Kingdom. and Electrical Machines at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, has been a driving force behind the development of Larry J. Howell is a consultant to industry and government, high-performance, permanent-magnet synchronous machine specializing in the management of research and design for drives, distinguished by magnets in their spinning rotors. business innovation, automotive technology, telematics, Since early in his professional career at General Electric, and vehicle structures and materials. His previous positions Dr. Jahns has made important technical contributions lead- include executive director, science, of the General Motors ing to successful applications of permanent-magnet drives Research and Development Center, in which he served as in machine tools, home appliances, and aerospace actuators. chief scientist for General Motors (GM), overseeing of the Making use of these principles, all hybrid-electric passenger company’s R&D center’s six science laboratories (Thermal vehicles in high-volume commercial production today have and Energy Systems; Electrical and Controls Integration; adopted permanent-magnet synchronous machines for their Materials and Processes; Enterprise Systems; Chemical electric propulsion systems. An IEEE fellow, Dr. Jahns’ and Environmental Sciences; and Vehicle Analysis and many honors include the IEEE Power Electronics Society’s Dynamics). Dr. Howell had global responsibility for joint William E. Newell Award. He has served as president of the research with universities, government agencies, and GM’s IEEE Power Electronics Society and as Division II direc- alliance partners. He also served as secretary to GM’s tor on the IEEE board of directors. Both the IEEE Industry Corporate Science Advisory Committee, which reports on Applications Society and the IEEE Power Electronics technology issues to the General Motors board of directors. Society have recognized him as a Distinguished Lecturer. He Other positions that Dr. Howell held at GM included director has a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts of body and vehicle integration at GM Research; member Institute of Technology. of the General Motors Research Laboratories; and head of Alan C. Lloyd is president of the International Council on the Engineering Mechanics Department at GM Research. While head of the Engineering Mechanics Department at GM Clean Transportation. His previous positions include serv- R&D, he had responsibility at the project level for research in ing as secretary of the California Environmental Protec- vehicle crashworthiness and occupant protection, including tion Agency, chair of the California Air Resources Board air bag research. He sat on GM’s Corporate Safety Com- (CARB), executive director of the Energy and Environmental mittee for many years. His department had numerous joint Engineering Center at the Desert Research Institute, and projects with GM R&D’s Biomedical Research Department chief scientist at the South Coast Air Quality Management (in-depth research on human injury mechanisms, the benefit District, California. His research interests involve green- of air bags, seat belts, and other topics.). Later, as executive house gas reductions, alternative fuels, renewable energy director, he had overall responsibility for all of GM’s safety and advanced technologies such as hybrid electric vehicles research. The team helped GM develop StabiliTrak (a chassis and fuel cell vehicles. While at CARB, he led the initiative system to prevent spinout and rollover), and more recently of California’s diesel risk reduction efforts. He has served a number of accident avoidance systems such as adaptive on many advisory committees, including as chair of the cruise control. Prior to joining GM, Dr. Howell worked for Hydrogen Technical Advisory Panel. He is a member of the General Dynamics Corporation as a principal investigator Air and Waste Management Association and of the National of research related to the structural dynamics of the space Hydrogen Association, and is a recipient of the 2005 Fuel shuttle. In 1984, he completed the Executive Program at Cell Seminar Award and the 2005 Grove Medal. He received Dartmouth’s Amos Tuck School of Business Administration. his Ph.D. in gas kinetics from University College of Wales, He is a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Aberystwyth. Astronautics, the American Society of Mechanical Engi- David F. Merrion is chair of David F. Merrion LLC; chair of neers, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and Sigma Xi. He served on the National Research Council’s study on Use Green Vision Technology LLC; and a member of the board of Lightweight Materials in st Century Army Trucks and on of directors of Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. and Hy-Drive the Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle Technologies, Ltd. He is the retired executive vice president R&D Program, and has served on the College of Engineer- of engineering for Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC). His ing advisory boards of the University of Illinois and Western positions at DDC included staff engineer, Emissions and Michigan University. He represented GM as a member of the Combustion; staff engineer, Research and Development;

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0 REVIEW OF THE ST CENTURY TRUCK PARTNERSHIP chief engineer, Applications; director, diesel engineering; CAFE Model. Mr. Rogers has a B.S.M.E. from Northern general director, Engineering (Engines and Transmissions); Arizona University. and senior vice president, Engineering. Mr. Marrion has Yang Shao-Horn is assistant professor of mechanical extensive expertise in the research, development, and manu- facturing of advanced diesel engines, including alternative- engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. fueled engines. He is a Society of Automotive Engineers Before that she was a National Science Foundation Interna- fellow and a member of American Society of Mechanical tional Research Fellow at the Institute of Condensed Matter Engineers. He served as president of the Engine Manufac- Chemistry in Bordeaux, France (2000-2002). Prior to that, turers Association, a member of Environmental Protection Dr. Shao-Horn spent 3 years (1998-2000) as a staff scientist Agency’s (EPA) Mobile Sources Technical Advisory Com- at the Eveready Battery Company. Her areas of interest mittee, a member of the Coordinating Research Council, and include electrochemically active materials for batteries a member of the U.S. Alternate Fuels Council. He served and fuel cells, electrocatalysis, application of transmission on the National Research Council’s Standing Committee to electron microscopy techniques, intercalation chemistry, Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New and solid-state ionics. She holds a B.S. degree in metal- Generation of Vehicles. He is a consultant to DDC, which lurgical engineering from Beijing University of Technology includes Compliance Auditor for the Consent Decree signed and a PhD in metallurgical and materials engineering from with EPA/California Air Resources Board/Department of Michigan Technological University. Justice in 1998. Mr. Merrion is the co-inventor on a patent Dale F. Stein (NAE) is President Emeritus of Michigan for a diesel-electric hybrid vehicle. He has a bachelor of mechanical engineering degree from General Motors Insti- Technological University and retired professor of materials tute (Kettering University) and a master’s of science degree science. He has held positions at Michigan Technological in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute University, the University of Minnesota, and the General of Technology. Electric Research Laboratory. He is a recipient of the Hardy Gold Medal of the American Institute of Mining, Metal- Gary W. Rogers is president and chief executive officer, lurgical and Petroleum Engineers and the Geisler Award of FEV Engine Technology, Inc., and executive vice president the American Society of Metals (Eastern New York Chapter) (Geschäftsführer), FEV Motorentechnik, GmbH. He is also and is an elected fellow of the American Society of Metals, president, FEV Test Systems, Inc. His previous positions The Metallurgical Society (TMS), and American Association have included director, Power Plant Engineering Services for the Advancement of Science. He has served on numer- Division, and senior analytical engineer, Failure Analysis ous National Research Council committees, including as the Associates, Inc.; design development engineer, Garrett chair, Committee for the National Tire Efficiency Study, and Turbine Engine Company; and exploration geophysicist, member of the Committee on Review of DOE’s Office of Shell Oil Company. He has extensive experience in research, Heavy Vehicle Technologies. He previously was a member of design, and development of advanced engine and power- the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Research Advisory train systems, including homogeneous and direct-injected Board. He is also an internationally known authority on the gasoline engines, high-speed direct injection passenger car mechanical properties of engineering materials. He received diesel engines, heavy-duty diesel engines, hybrid vehicle his Ph.D. in metallurgy from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute systems, gas turbines, pumps, and compressors. Mr. Rogers and a B.S. in metallurgy from the University of Minnesota. provides corporate leadership for a multinational research, Wallace R. Wade was chief engineer and technical fellow, design, and development organization specializing in engines and energy systems. He is a 25-year member of both the Powertrain Systems Technology and Processes, Ford Motor Society of Automotive Engineers and the American Society Company, Dearborn, Michigan, where he served for 32 years of Mechanical Engineers and sits on the advisory board of before retiring in 2004. He was responsible for the devel- the College of Engineering and Computer Science, Oakland opment, application, and certification of emission and University, Rochester, Michigan. He served as a member of powertrain control system technologies for all Ford Motor the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Review Company’s North American vehicles. Today he is a con- of DOE’s Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program, sultant to industry and government in the areas of engine the NRC committee on the Effectiveness and Impact of research and development, emission control systems, power- Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards, and the train electronic control systems, powertrain calibration, NRC Panel on Benefits of DOE’s Light-Duty Hybrid Vehicle and systems engineering. He holds the M.S.M.E. degree R&D Program. He also recently supported the Department (awarded by the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Adminis- 1964); and the B.M.E. degree from Rensselaer Polytechnic tration (NHTSA) by conducting a peer review of the NHTSA Institute (1963), both in mechanical engineering.