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Microgravity Research Opportunities for the 1990s Microgravity Research Opportunities for the 1990s NOTICE MEMBERSHIP PREFACE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PART I CHAPTER 1 Committee on Microgravity Research CHAPTER 2 Space Studies Board PART II CHAPTER 3 Commission on Physical Sciences, CHAPTER 4 Mathematics, and Applications CHAPTER 5 National Research Council CHAPTER 6 CHAPTER 7 PART III CHAPTER 8 NOTICE APPENDIX A APPENDIX B MEMBERSHIP PREFACE file:///C|/SSB_old_web/cmgrmenu.htm (1 of 5) [6/18/2004 11:14:33 AM]

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Microgravity Research Opportunities for the 1990s EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction Scope of the Recommendations Recommendations for the Science Program General Science Recommendations for Microgravity Research Flight Opportunities and Challenges Administrative Recommendations References PART I—OVERVIEW 1. Introduction The Microgravity Environment Perceptions and Realities of Microgravity Research References 2. Conclusions and Recommendations Introduction Areas Recommended for Emphasis in Microgravity Research General Science Recommendations for Microgravity Research Administrative Recommendations Reference PART II—SCIENTIFIC ISSUES 3. Fluid Mechanics and Transport Phenomena Introduction Status Research Areas Summary References 4. Combustion Introduction and Overall Goals Problems Unique to Combustion Status of Gravitational-Based Current Knowledge Special Instrumentation and Facilities Requirements Recommendations and Conclusions References 5. Biological Sciences and Biotechnology Introduction file:///C|/SSB_old_web/cmgrmenu.htm (2 of 5) [6/18/2004 11:14:33 AM]

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Microgravity Research Opportunities for the 1990s Justification for Microgravity Research Fundamental Research Areas Experimental Requirements Recommendations and Conclusions References 6. Materials Science and Processing METALS AND ALLOYS Background and Introduction Fundamental Research Areas—Metals and Alloys Future Scientific Directions—Metals and Alloys Recommendations and Conclusions POLYMERS Background Early Studies and Their Current Relevance Recommended Studies Recommendations and Conclusions GROWTH OF INORGANIC SINGLE CRYSTALS Introduction and Goals Summary of Terrestrial Growth of Inorganic Single Crystals The Influence of Gravity Space- and Ground-Based Studies Recommendations and Conclusions GROWTH OF EPITAXIAL LAYERS ON SINGLE-CRYSTAL SUBSTRATES Epitaxial Growth Methods Recommendations and Conclusions CERAMICS AND GLASSES Introduction Current Issues in Ceramics Research Microgravity as a Variable in Ceramics Synthesis and Processing Ceramic and Glass Processing in Microgravity Basic Science Recommendations and Conclusions REFERENCES 7. Microgravity Physics Introduction The Current Microgravity Physics Program Future Experiments Under Microgravity Conditions Recommendations and Conclusions References file:///C|/SSB_old_web/cmgrmenu.htm (3 of 5) [6/18/2004 11:14:33 AM]

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Microgravity Research Opportunities for the 1990s PART III—PROGRAMMATIC ISSUES 8. Flight Opportunities and Challenges Introduction Opportunities: Microgravity Research Facilities Challenges to Microgravity Research Experimentation APPENDIXES A. Glossary B. Biographies of Committee Members This report is dedicated to the memory of Professor Warren C. Strahle (1937-1994) a distinguished scholar and researcher who served as a vital contributor to this report. National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1995 file:///C|/SSB_old_web/cmgrmenu.htm (4 of 5) [6/18/2004 11:14:33 AM]