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A Science Strategy for Space Physics: Part III A Science Strategy for Space Physics Appendix Glossary ACE Advanced Composition Explorer, scheduled for launch in the late-1990s ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor REPORT MENU ADEOS Japan's Advanced Earth Observing Satellite, scheduled for NOTICE launch in 1995 Akebono Japanese spacecraft, launched in MEMBERSHIP 1989, for studying the inner magnetosphere SUMMARY PART I AMPTE Active Magnetosphere Particle Tracer Explorer- PART II NASA/German/U.K. three-satellite mission to study the CHAPTER 1 access of solar wind ions to the magnetosphere, as well as CHAPTER 2 the convective-diffusive transport and energization of CHAPTER 3 magnetospheric particles CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 Ariel 5 British x-ray astronomy satellite, launched in 1974 PART III APPENDIX Ariel 6 British satellite launched in 1979 to study the ultraheavy component of primary cosmic rays AU Astronomical unit-the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun Cassini NASA-ESA mission to Saturn, scheduled for launch in 1997 file:///C|/SSB_old_web/straappend.html (1 of 6) [6/18/2004 2:21:01 PM]

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A Science Strategy for Space Physics: Part III CEDAR Coupling of Energy and Dynamics between Atmospheric Regions program CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons CGRO Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, launched from the shuttle in 1991 Cluster ESA-NASA multisatellite mission, scheduled for launch in 1996 CMEs Coronal mass ejections CoMStOC Coronal Magnetic Structures Observing Campaign CRRES Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite-a NASA- Department of Defense mission launched in the mid-1980s DE Dynamics Explorer-NASA magnetospheric-ionospheric mission launched in 1981 DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program EISCAT European Incoherent Scatter facility Envisat European environmental satellite EOS Earth Observing System ERB Earth Radiation Budget ESA European Space Agency EUVE Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer-NASA astrophysics mission launched in 1992 FAST Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer-NASA small explorer scheduled for launch in 1995 FIP First ionization potential Flare Genesis Balloon-born solar telescope and magnetograph launched in Antarctica Freja Swedish-German satellite to study the interaction of the magnetosphere with the upper atmosphere and ionosphere- launched in 1992 Galileo NASA Jupiter orbiter, launched in 1989 and scheduled to go into orbit about Jupiter in 1995 GALLEX Gallium Experiment-European solar neutrino detector located in Italy file:///C|/SSB_old_web/straappend.html (2 of 6) [6/18/2004 2:21:01 PM]

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A Science Strategy for Space Physics: Part III GEM Geospace Environmental Modeling program Geotail Japanese-U.S. mission to study magnetospheric processes in distant geomagnetic tail GGS Global Geospace Science program GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-a series of NOAA meteorological satellites GONG Global Oscillation Network Group-ground-based helioseismology experiment employing multiple observing sites around the world HEAO-3 NASA's third High Energy Astrophysical Observatory, launched in 1979 Helios A pair of German-U.S. spacecraft with perihelion of ~0.3 AU, launched in 1974 and 1976 HILAT A polar-orbiting satellite HIREGS High Resolution Gamma-ray Spectrometer-a 1992-1993 long- duration balloon flight experiment from Antarctica Huygens Titan atmospheric probe-ESA's contribution to the Cassini mission IACG Interagency Consultative Group ICE (ISEE-3) International Cometary Explorer (formerly International Sun/Earth Explorer-3), launched in 1978 ILAS Instrument on the Japanese ADEOS IMP-8 NASA's eighth Interplanetary Monitoring Platform, launched in 1972 Interball-Aurora Russian spacecraft for studying the auroral zones-launch expected in 1995 Interball-Tail Russian spacecraft for studying the geomagnetic tail-launch expected in 1995 ISEE International Sun-Earth Explorer-a NASA-ESA series of three spacecraft launched in 1977 and 1978 ISTP International Solar-Terrestrial Physics program JACEE Japanese-American (Coordinated) Emulsion Experiment-a balloon-borne cosmic ray experiment file:///C|/SSB_old_web/straappend.html (3 of 6) [6/18/2004 2:21:01 PM]

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A Science Strategy for Space Physics: Part III LDEF Long Duration Exposure Facility, launched on the shuttle in mid-1980s Max '91 Coordinated program for studying the Sun during the solar cycle maximum in 1991 Meteor-3 The Russian satellite carrying NASA's TOMS experiment, launched in 1991 MI Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling MSX Midcourse Space Experiment-Department of Defense satellite scheduled for launch in 1995 NDSC Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change-the aim is to obtain a continuous, well-calibrated data record for the stratosphere, for use in calibrating satellite measurements NIMBUS A series of U.S. atmospheric research satellites OGO Orbiting Geophysical Observatory P78-1 A Department of Defense solar observation spacecraft, launched in 1979 Pioneer A series of NASA planetary and heliospheric spacecraft, launched in the 1960s and 1970s Pioneer Venus A NASA program to study Venus-two spacecraft, a bus with multiple atmospheric probes and an orbiter, both launched in 1978 Polar A NASA contribution to ISTP, scheduled for launch in 1995 Polar BEAR Polar-orbiting satellite QBO Quasi-biennial oscillation RISE Radiative Inputs from the Sun to the Earth program RoSAT Roentgen satellite-a German-U.S.-U.K. gamma/x-ray satellite launched in 1990 SAGE Soviet-American Gallium Experiment-a solar neutrino experiment in Russia; also, a spacecraft instrument for measuring atmospheric ozone profiles SAMPEX Solar, Anomalous, and Magnetospheric Particles Explorer- NASA's first Small Explorer, launched in 1992 SAO Semiannual oscillation file:///C|/SSB_old_web/straappend.html (4 of 6) [6/18/2004 2:21:01 PM]

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A Science Strategy for Space Physics: Part III SMM Solar Maximum Mission-a NASA solar observation satellite, launched in 1980 SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory-ESA-NASA contribution to ISTP, scheduled for launch in 1995 SOUP Solar Optical Universal Polarimeter-Spacelab-2 experiment Spacelab-2 Shuttle-borne solar physics/astrophysics mission conducted in 1985 Spartan 201 A retrievable shuttle-borne spacecraft to study the solar corona-flights conducted in 1993, 1994, 1995 STEP Solar-Terrestrial Energy Program SUNRISE Sun's Radiative Input from Sun to Earth program to study the terrestrial consequences of solar variability TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite-a family of polar- orbiting operational weather satellites TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer-the first of these instruments operated on NASA's Nimbus 7 satellite from 1978 to 1993, the second operated on Russia's Meteor-3 from 1991 to 1994, and additional examples will be flown on Russian, Japanese, and U.S. spacecraft between 1995 and 2000 UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, launched from the shuttle in 1991 Ulysses ESA-NASA mission, launched in 1990, to study the Sun's polar regions Viking Swedish satellite, launched in 1986 in near-polar orbit, to study particles and fields and obtain auroral images; also, a pair of NASA Mars orbiters/landers launched in 1975 Voyager A pair of NASA missions, launched in 1977, to explore the outer planets and heliosphere Wind NASA contribution to ISTP to study plasma phenomena upstream of Earth, launched in 1994 Yohkoh Japanese-U.S.-U.K. solar x-ray astronomy satellite, launched in 1991 file:///C|/SSB_old_web/straappend.html (5 of 6) [6/18/2004 2:21:01 PM]