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Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 NOTICE FROM THE CHAIR CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 Space Studies Board CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 Commission on Physical Sciences, APPENDIX Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council Notice From the Chair 1. History and Charter of the Board file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91menu.htm (1 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:26:08 AM]

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Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 2. Activities and Membership 3. Summaries of Reports 3.1 Assessment of Programs in Solar and Space Physics-1991 3.2 Assessment of Programs in Space Biology and Medicine-1991 3.3 Assessment of Solar System Exploration Programs-1991 3.4 Assessment of Satellite Earth Observation Programs-1991 4. Letter Reports 4.1 On the Proposed Redesign of Space Station Freedom 4.2 On the NASA Earth Observing System 4.3 On Research Uses of LANDSAT 5. Congressional Testimony 5.1 Testimony on the Report of the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program 5.2 Testimony on the Space Station Freedom Program 5.3 Summary Testimony on the Space Station Freedom Program 5.4 Testimony on the NASA Fiscal Year 1992 Budget Proposal (House) 5.5 Testimony on the NASA Fiscal year 1992 Budget Proposal (Senate) Appendix: Prior Year Letters on the Space Station A.1 Report to Administrator Beggs: 1983 A.2 Report to Space Station Program Manager Stofan: 1987 A.3 Report to Administrator Truly: 1989 A.4 Report to Assistant Associate Administrator Alexander: 1990 Visit the National Academy Press (NAP) to find other titles of interest. NAP is the publisher for the National Academies. file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91menu.htm (2 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:26:08 AM]

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Annual Report 1991: Notice Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 Notice The Space Studies Board is a unit of the National Research Council, which serves as an independent advisor to the federal government on scientific and technical questions of national importance. The Research Council, jointly administered by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine, brings the resources of the entire scientific and technical community to bear through its volunteer advisory committees. Support for the work of the Space Studies Board and its committees and task groups was provided by National Aeronautics and Space Administration contracts NASW-4201 and NASW-4627 and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration contract 50-DGNE-1-00138. REPORT MENU NOTICE FROM THE CHAIR CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 APPENDIX file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91notice.htm (1 of 2) [6/18/2004 10:26:16 AM]

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Annual Report 1991: From the Chair Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 From the Chair Since its founding as the Space Science Board in 1958, the Space Studies Board has provided independent external scientific and technical advice on the nation's civil space program. This 1991 Annual Report of the SSB and its committees represents the first of its kind. The report contains a summary of the Board's meetings, complete texts of letter reports, and executive summaries of full reports issued during the year. It is intended to serve as a ready reference to Board activities and advisory reports in 1991. The year 1991 began in the context of the recommendations for the civil space program that were contained in the "Report of the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program." This committee had been convened by the National Space Council and issued its report in December 1990. I served as one of twelve members. The committee recommended that space science should REPORT MENU be the highest priority, the "fulcrum," of the space program. Two major initiatives, NOTICE Mission to Planet Earth and Mission from Planet Earth, were identified, with FROM THE CHAIR Mission from Planet Earth being recommended on a go-as-you-pay basis. Basic CHAPTER 1 infrastructure elements that were the subject of recommendations were space CHAPTER 2 technology and launch systems. Management advice for the space program was CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 4 also presented. CHAPTER 5 APPENDIX In early 1991 NASA completed another redesign of Space Station Freedom. The Board and its Committees on Space Biology and Medicine and on Microgravity Research examined the redesigned station and concluded, in a letter report, that "[n]either the quantity nor the quality of research that can be conducted on the proposed station merits the projected investment." Explaining, discussing, and testifying on this Board report occupied a significant amount of time and attention of the Chair and the staff as the 1992 budgetary process worked its way through the Congress. It became very clear from the space station discussions in 1991 that, even though this program eventually received full funding from the Congress after first being defeated in its House Appropriations Subcommittee, controversy over the nation's interest in the endeavor was not ended. It will be interesting to follow file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91chair.htm (1 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:26:21 AM]

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Annual Report 1991: From the Chair its saga into the future and to watch the extent to which technical advisory reports such as those of the Board or of the National Space Council's Advisory Committee on this major program are utilized by lawmakers. The year 1991 occupied an interval of some twelve to twenty-four months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, with all that that event portended for the future of the peoples of Eastern Europe. I have begun to sense a questioning of some aspects of the space program, particularly those most closely associated with issues of national pre-eminence. At the same time, the political changes suggest a brighter future for collaborative enterprises in space with former adversaries. I hope that this summary report of the 1991 activities of the Space Studies Board will indeed be helpful to future researchers and policymakers. I also hope that this report will be but the first in a continuing series that chronicles in a useful way the advisory actions of this Board of the National Research Council. Louis J. Lanzerotti Chair Space Studies Board file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91chair.htm (2 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:26:21 AM]