Click for next page ( 12


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Space Studies Board Annual Report—1991 2 Activities and Membership The Space Studies Board greeted 1991 promptly with its 101st meeting, held on January 3-4 in the Board Room of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. The Report of the Advisory Committee on the Future of the U.S. Space Program had just been released, and the chair of the committee, Mr. Norman Augustine, visited with the Board to discuss its findings. Members subsequently had the opportunity to discuss these findings with Dr. Berrien Moore, chair of the Space Science and Applications Advisory Committee (SSAAC), and Dr. Lennard Fisk, Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications, who also gave a briefing on the status of NASA space research programs. The Board closed the meeting with internal discussions about its international program, operating plan, and activities of several of its committees. A second meeting of the Board (the 102nd) was held at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., on February 27 to March 1. Office of Space REPORT MENU Science and Applications (OSSA) head Dr. Lennard Fisk gave a detailed NOTICE presentation of the FY92 budget for space science. The 1990/1991 Space FROM THE CHAIR Station Freedom redesign activity was in its final stages, and much of the CHAPTER 1 remainder of the meeting agenda focused on discussing this program. The Board CHAPTER 2 was briefed by NASA officials Mr. William Raney and Dr. John-David Bartoe on CHAPTER 3 the unreleased results of the redesign. After follow-up discussion, the Board CHAPTER 4 broke up into working groups to draft an assessment of the redesign as CHAPTER 5 presented. The Board also approved the last of its 1991 discipline assessment APPENDIX report series (on Earth studies), as well as the final sections of its Earth Observing System (EOS) assessment report. A major topic addressed at the meeting was a proposed study on NASA's Research and Analysis program and research productivity. Continuing with a vigorous meeting schedule, the Board met for its 103rd gathering, the third in 1991, in Washington on May 22-23. This meeting was devoted principally to committee business but included a teleconversation with Dr. John Bahcall on his committee's recent report, The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics, a science presentation by Dr. Joseph Boyce on Magellan results, and a description by Gen. Sam Armstrong of the work and findings of the Synthesis Group on a human exploration program for the nation. file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (1 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership The Board discussed its international program and considered a restructured version of its EOS assessment report, the status of its human exploration committee's studies, the conclusions and recommendations of its first and nearly complete microgravity science report, and plans of its planetary protection task group and of its joint committee on technology. Members also surveyed developments in the space station program since the February meeting and release of the Board's assessment report on the redesign. On May 28 and 29, several members of the Executive Council of the Board, augmented by Board members Drs. Noel Hinners and William Merrell, attended a meeting of the European Space Science Committee (ESSC) in Copenhagen, Denmark. The objective of the meeting was to ascertain if it would be feasible and desirable to formalize a process, under development for some time, for collaborative work between the two groups. Extended discussion of the environments and advisory postures of the two groups led to a shared conclusion that this step would be difficult at present, but that a strengthened liaison relationship would be valuable and could lead to closer and more routine collaboration in the future. During this period in early and mid-year, there was a dramatic sequence of developments related to the space station, including endorsement by congressional authorizing committees, legislation directed at identifying alternative and/or complementary station concepts, deletion of station funding by the Committee on Appropriations, and restoration of funding on the floor of the House. On the science side, both the Gamma Ray Observatory and Ulysses successfully gathered scientific data. Magellan successfully completed its first "year" of mapping operations at Venus, revealing a planetary surface of bewildering complexity and enormous scientific interest, while Galileo developed unexpected high gain antenna deployment problems. Even though the full Board did not meet during the third quarter, it was a busy summer. In addition to attending their individual committee meetings, Board committee chairs gathered on several occasions for long-term planning purposes. The Board also released the last of its four discipline assessment reports, Assessment of Satellite Earth Observation Programs-1991, as well as a letter report on the EOS program specifically, and a letter report on the Landsat program. On July 12, Chair Louis Lanzerotti convened a meeting of all Board committee and task group chairs to discuss future plans and participation in OSSA's strategic planning activity scheduled at Woods Hole later that month. With three years having passed since the Board's reorganization, it was becoming apparent that an update of the Board Operating Plan and individual committee plans was needed. The July 12 gathering considered and updated activity plans for the committees and task groups and established guidelines for Board members' participation at the OSSA Woods Hole meeting. NASA's OSSA conducted its major strategic planning review at Woods Hole during the last week of July. At the invitation of Dr. Berrien Moore, chair of file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (2 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership SSAAC, and of Mr. Joseph Alexander, OSSA assistant associate administrator, the committee chairs attended the first two days of the Woods Hole meeting to summarize committee assessments comparing discipline accomplishments to Board recommendations. While the chairs did not take part in programmatic prioritizations or mission ranking at the review, they were available as information resources to NASA division delegations. An important Board input to this process was its set of four assessment reports covering the disciplines of space biology and medicine, solar and space physics, planetary and lunar exploration, and earth studies from space. On September 26, the Board was privileged to host a joint meeting of committee chairs, OSSA division managers, and representatives from NASA's Office of Aeronautics and Exploration Technology (OAET) and from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for the purpose of getting feedback on the usefulness of past Board advice, and on Board plans for the future. Planned future advisory undertakings were presented for validation against expected needs, and much useful program technical and budget information was exchanged. Board sponsors expressed satisfaction with the four assessment reports and a strong interest in prioritized, survey/strategy reports in a number of specific areas. Based on the results of this successful meeting, it was decided that the 1992 Board Operating Plan draft would be revised for submission to the Board at its next meeting on November 20-22 in Irvine, Calif. On the international front, a small delegation from the Board and staff attended a second meeting of the ESSC in Paris in September. The visit was intended to continue liaison with this European advisory body, with a view to identifying joint study topics and possibly developing a more formal relationship in the future. Board member William Merrell represented Chair Louis Lanzerotti, who was unable to attend because of a conflict with the reconvening of the Augustine Committee. A substantial amount of time was devoted by ESSC members to discussing guidance for the November European Space Agency (ESA) ministerial meeting. The similarity of the major issues in the U.S. and European space communities, including how to deal with budget pressures and the tension between manned and unmanned projects, was striking. Board representatives described recent Board activities and preliminary results of the OSSA strategic planning process and heard presentations on initial results of the successful ERS-1 mission and plans for other ESA missions. Candidate topics for future joint advisory study were also discussed. The Board met for its final meeting of 1991 (its 104th) on November 20-22 at the Beckman Center in Irvine. A broad range of topics was discussed. The Board heard a series of science briefings on topics in infrared astronomy, including the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) and Caltech's Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), and the proposed Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) and airborne Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). Mr. Joseph Alexander, assistant associate administrator of OSSA, briefed the Board on the process and results of the strategic planning workshop held at Woods Hole in July 1991 and on the impacts of the FY92 appropriation passed by Congress. Various committee status reports were file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (3 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership presented, and the first formal report of the Board's human exploration committee was approved for submission to NRC review. This first report deals with research that remains to be done before the nation can confidently undertake a program of long-duration human spaceflight. COSPAR charter issues and opportunities for collaborative international studies with the ESSC were also discussed. As 1991 drew to a close, the Board, committees, and staff could look back on a year of hard work and accomplishment. Four discipline assessment reports were published and distributed. The space station, the Earth Observing System (EOS) program, and Landsat were critically examined. Several important planning meetings were held, including one attended by NASA/OSSA division managers, as well as representatives of NASA/OAST and NOAA. The Board's operating plan was updated to acknowledge progress and changes since the reorganization of the Board in 1988-this in addition to ongoing work of the committees and task groups. SPACE STUDIES BOARD Meetings January 3-4 National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. February 27-March 1 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California May 22-23 National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. November 20-22 Beckman Center, Irvine, California Members Louis J. Lanzerotti, Chair, AT&T Bell Laboratories Philip Abelson,* American Association for the Advancement of Science Joseph A. Burns, Cornell University John R. Carruthers,* INTEL Andrea K. Dupree, Harvard-Smithsonian Institution John A. Dutton, Pennsylvania State University Larry Esposito, University of Colorado James P. Ferris, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Herbert Friedman, Naval Research Laboratory Richard L. Garwin, IBM Corporation Riccardo Giacconi, Space Telescope Science Institute Noel W. Hinners, Martin Marietta Civil Space & Communication Company James R. Houck, Cornell University David A. Landgrebe, Purdue University Robert A. Laudise, AT&T Bell Laboratories Elliott C. Levinthal,* Stanford University Richard Lindzen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology John McElroy, University of Texas at Austin William J. Merrell, Jr., Texas A&M University at Galveston Richard K. Moore, University of Kansas Robert H. Moser, The NutraSweet Company Norman F. Ness, University of Delaware Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (4 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Sally K. Ride,* University of California at San Diego Robert F. Sekerka,* Carnegie Mellon University Mark Settle, ARCO Oil and Gas Company William Sirignano, University of California at Irvine L. Dennis Smith,* University of California at Irvine Byron D. Tapley,* University of Texas at Austin Fred Turek, Northwestern University Arthur B.C. Walker, Jr., Stanford University Marc S. Allen, Director Richard C. Hart, Deputy Director Betty C. Guyot, Administrative Officer ___________________________ *Term expired during 1991. EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF THE BOARD Meetings April 18 National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. May 28-29 Ministry of Education and Research, Copenhagen, Denmark Members Louis J. Lanzerotti, Chair, AT&T Bell Laboratories Joseph Burns, Cornell University James P. Ferris, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Riccardo Giacconi, Space Telescope Science Institute Norman F. Ness, University of Delaware Mark Settle, ARCO Oil and Gas Company COMMITTEE ON EARTH STUDIES Meetings February 7-8 Beckman Center, Irvine, California May 6-7 Green Building, Washington, D.C. November 18-19 Beckman Center, Irvine, California Members Byron D. Tapley, Chair, University of Texas at Austin John R. Apel,* Applied Physics Laboratory William P. Bishop,* Desert Research Institute file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (5 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Kevin C. Burke,* Lunar and Planetary Institute Janet W. Campbell, Bigelow Laboratories Charles Elachi, Jet Propulsion Laboratory William J. Emery, University of Colorado Diana W. Freckman, University of California at Riverside Richard E. Hallgren, American Meteorological Society Kenneth C. Jezek, Ohio State University Edward T. Kanemasu, University of Georgia Victor Klemas, University of Delaware Conway B. Leovy, University of Washington John S. MacDonald, MacDonald-Dettwiler Associates Alfredo E. Prelat, Texaco Corporation John M. Wahr,* University of Colorado Paul F. Uhlir, Executive Secretary David H. Smith, Executive Secretary ___________________________ *Term expired during 1991. COMMITTEE ON HUMAN EXPLORATION Meetings February 26 Pasadena Hilton, Pasadena, California August 5-9 Beckman Center, Irvine, California Members Noel W. Hinners, Chair, Martin Marietta Corporation George Nelson Driver, University of Washington Richard Garwin, IBM Corporation Louis J. Lanzerotti, AT&T Bell Laboratories Elliott C. Levinthal, Stanford University William J. Merrell, Jr., Texas A&M University Robert H. Moser, University of New Mexico Sally K. Ride,* Stanford University Marc S. Allen, Executive Secretary David H. Smith, Executive Secretary ___________________________ *Term expired during 1991. COMMITTEE ON MICROGRAVITY RESEARCH Meetings file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (6 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership January 10-11 Green Building, Washington, D.C. April 29-30 Green Building, Washington, D.C. November 18-19 Beckman Center, Irvine, California Members Robert F. Sekerka,* Chair, Carnegie Mellon University Robert A. Brown, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Martin E. Glicksman, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Franklin D. Lemkey, United Technologies Research Center Ronald E. Loehman, SNL Simon Ostrach, Case Western Reserve University Morton B. Panish, AT&T Bell Laboratories John D. Reppy, Cornell University William A. Sirignano, University of California at Irvine Thomas A. Steitz, Yale University Warren C. Strahle, Georgia Institute of Technology Julia Weertman, Northwestern University Joyce M. Purcell, Executive Secretary ___________________________ *Term expired during 1991. COMMITTEE ON PLANETARY AND LUNAR RESEARCH Meetings February 13-15 National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. July 15-19 Jonsson Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts October 28-29 Green Building, Washington, D.C. Members Larry W. Esposito, Chair, University of Colorado Alan P. Boss, Carnegie Institution of Washington Anita L. Cochran, University of Texas at Austin Peter J. Gierasch, Cornell University William S. Kurth, University of Iowa Lucy-Ann McFadden, University of California at San Diego Christopher P. McKay, NASA Ames Research Center Duane O. Muhleman, California Institute of Technology Norman R. Pace, Indiana University Graham Ryder, Lunar and Planetary Institute Paul D. Spudis, Lunar and Planetary Institute Peter H. Stone, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Richard W. Zurek, California Institute of Technology file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (7 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Paul F. Uhlir, Executive Secretary David H. Smith, Executive Secretary COMMITTEE ON SPACE BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE Meetings February 7-8 Beckman Center, Irvine, California May 13-15 Green Building, Washington, D.C. October 17-18 Green Building, Washington, D.C. Members L. Dennis Smith,* Chair, University of California at Irvine Robert M. Berne, University of Virginia at Charlottesville Peter B. Dews, Harvard Medical School R.J. Michael Fry, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Frances Gaffney, University of Texas at Dallas Edward J. Goetzel, University of California Medical School at San Francisco Robert L. Helmreich, University of Texas at Austin James Lackner, Brandeis University Barry Wayne Peterson,* Northwestern University Clinton T. Rubin, State University of New York at Stony Brook Allan Schiller, Mt. Sinai Medical Center Tom K. Scott, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Warren Sinclair, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements William Thompson, North Carolina State University Fred W. Turek, Northwestern University Fred Wilt, University of California at Berkeley Joyce M. Purcell, Executive Secretary __________________________ *Term expired during 1991. COMMITTEE ON SOLAR AND SPACE PHYSICS Meetings April 4-6 Green Building, Washington, D.C. June 26-28 Green Building, Washington, D.C. October 28-30 Green Building, Washington, D.C. Members file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (8 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Marcia M. Neugebauer, Chair, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Thomas E. Cravens, University of Kansas Martin A. Lee,* University of New Hampshire Jonathan F. Ormes, Goddard Space Flight Center George K. Parks, University of Washington Douglas M. Rabin, National Optical Astronomy Observatory David M. Rust, Johns Hopkins University Raymond J. Walker, University of California at Los Angeles Yuk L. Yung, California Institute of Technology Ronald Zwickl, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Richard C. Hart, Executive Secretary __________________________ *Term expired during 1991. JOINT COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY FOR SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS Meeting December 3 Green Building, Washington, D.C. Members David A. Landgrebe, Chair, Purdue University Richard C. Hart, Executive Secretary TASK GROUP ON PLANETARY PROTECTION Meetings May 21 Green Building, Washington, D.C. November 13-14 Green Building, Washington, D.C. September 9-13 Beckman Center, Irvine, California Members Kenneth H. Nealson, Chair, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee John A. Baross, University of Washington Michael H. Carr, U.S. Geological Survey Robert Pepin, University of Minnesota Thomas M. Schmidt, Miami University Jodi Shann, University of Cincinnati file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (9 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership J. Robie Vestal, University of Cincinnati David C. White, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Richard S. Young, consultant, Kennedy Space Center Joyce M. Purcell, Executive Secretary TASK GROUP ON PRIORITIES IN SPACE RESEARCH Meetings May 9-10 Green Building, Washington, D.C. July 15-16 Green Building, Washington, D.C. September 30-October 1 Green Building, Washington, D.C. Members John A. Dutton, Chair, Pennsylvania State University Philip Abelson, American Association for the Advancement of Science Steven V.W. Beckwith,* Cornell University William P. Bishop, Desert Research Institute Lawson Crowe, University of Colorado Peter B. Dews, Harvard Medical School Angelo Guastaferro, Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, Inc. Molly K. Macauley, Resources for the Future Buddy MacKay, Lt. Governor of Florida Thomas A. Potemra, Johns Hopkins University Arthur B.C. Walker, Jr., Stanford University Joyce M. Purcell, Executive Secretary __________________________ *Term expired during 1991. file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (10 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]

OCR for page 11
Annual Report 1991: Activities and Membership Last update 2/23/00 at 12:09 pm Site managed by Anne Simmons, Space Studies Board The National Academies Current Projects Publications Directories Search Site Map Feedback file:///C|/SSB_old_web/an91ch2.htm (11 of 11) [6/18/2004 10:26:36 AM]