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Space Studies Board Search: Jump to Top NewsJump to Science in the Subscribe to our FREE e- Headlines newsletter! NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL June 18, 2004 Current Operating Status 1990 Update to Strategy for Exploration of the Inner Planets Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration Space Studies Board Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council Notice Membership Introduction 1. Overview 2. Mercury 3. Venus 4. http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innermenu.html (1 of 2) [6/18/2004 10:06:08 AM]

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Space Studies Board The Moon 5. Mars 6. Supporting Research and Analysis 7. Program Balance 8. International Cooperation 9. APPENDIXES A. Complete List of Recommendations Made in the 1978 Report B. List of Members of the Former Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources National Academy Press, 1990 Last update 9/25/00 at 3:52 pm Site managed by Anne Simmons, Space Studies Board Site managed by the SSB Web Group. To comment on this Web page or report an error, please send feedback to the Space Studies Board. Subscribe to e-newsletters | Feedback | Back to Top Copyright © 2004. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001. Terms of Use and Privacy Statement http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innermenu.html (2 of 2) [6/18/2004 10:06:08 AM]

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Space Studies Board Search: Jump to Top NewsJump to Science in the Subscribe to our FREE e- Headlines newsletter! NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL June 18, 2004 Current Operating Status 1990 Update to Strategy for Exploration of the Inner Planets NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innernotice.html (1 of 2) [6/18/2004 10:06:16 AM]

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Space Studies Board congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel O. Thier is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This study was supported by Contract NASW 4102 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Additional copies of this report are available from Space Studies Board National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 Printed in the United States of America Last update 9/25/00 at 3:57 pm Site managed by Anne Simmons, Space Studies Board Site managed by the SSB Web Group. To comment on this Web page or report an error, please send feedback to the Space Studies Board. Subscribe to e-newsletters | Feedback | Back to Top Copyright © 2004. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001. Terms of Use and Privacy Statement http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innernotice.html (2 of 2) [6/18/2004 10:06:16 AM]

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Space Studies Board Search: Jump to Top NewsJump to Science in the Subscribe to our FREE e- Headlines newsletter! NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL June 18, 2004 Current Operating Status 1990 Update to Strategy for Exploration of the Inner Planets Membership COMMITTEE ON PLANETARY AND LUNAR EXPLORATION Larry W. Esposito, University of Colorado, Chairman Robert O. Pepin, University of Minnesota, Chairman (1985-1988) Andrew F. Cheng, Johns Hopkins University Bruce M. Jakosky,* University of Colorado Jonathan I. Lunine, University of Arizona Lucy-Ann McFadden, University of California at San Diego Christopher P. McKay, NASA Ames Research Center William B. McKinnon,* Washington University Duane O. Muhleman, California Institute of Technology Philip D. Nicholson,* Cornell University Norman R. Pace, Indiana University Gerald Schubert, University of California, Los Angeles Peter H. Schultz, Brown University Paul D. Spudis, USGS, Flagstaff Peter H. Stone, Massachusetts Institute of Technology G. Jeffrey Taylor, University of New Mexico Richard W. Zurek, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Staff Paul F. Uhlir, Senior Program Officer Mary Ellen Mack, Senior Secretary La Vaughn Queen, Senior Secretary *Former COMPLEX members who participated in writing this report. SPACE STUDIES BOARD Louis J. Lanzerotti, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Chairman http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innermem.html (1 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:06:20 AM]

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Space Studies Board Philip Abelson, American Association for the Advancement of Science Joseph A. Burns, Cornell University John R. Carruthers, INTEL Andrea K. Dupree, Center for Astrophysics John A. Dutton, Pennsylvania State University Larry W. Esposito, University of Colorado James P. Ferris, Renssalear Polytechnic Institute Herbert Friedman, Naval Research Laboratory Richard L. Garwin, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Riccardo Giacconi, Space Telescope Science Institute Noel W. Hinners, Martin Marietta Corporation James R. Houck, Cornell University David A. Landgrebe, Purdue University John W. Leibacher, National Solar Observatory Elliott C. Levinthal, Stanford University Michael Mendillo, Boston University William J. Merrell, Jr., Texas A&M University Richard K. Moore, University of Kansas Robert H. Moser, The NutraSweet Corporation Norman F. Ness, Bartol Research Institute Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Joseph M. Reynolds, Louisiana State University Sally K. Ride, California Space Institute Robert F. Sekerka, Carnegie Mellon University Mark Settle, ARCO Oil and Gas Company L. Dennis Smith, University of California at Irvine Byron D. Tapley, Center for Space Research Ex Officio Albertus D. Welliver, The Boeing Company (Chairman, NAS/ASEB) Staff Dean P. Kastel, Staff Director Richard C. Hart, Acting Associate Staff Director COMMISSION ON PHYSICAL SCIENCES, MATHEMATICS, AND APPLICATIONS* Norman Hackerman, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Chairman George F. Carrier, Harvard University Herbert D. Doan, The Dow Chemical Company (retired) Dean E. Eastman, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Marye Anne Fox, University of Texas Gerhart Friedlander, Brookhaven National Laboratory Phillip A. Griffiths, Duke University http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innermem.html (2 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:06:20 AM]

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Space Studies Board Neal F. Lane, Rice University Christopher F. McKee, University of California at Berkeley Richard S. Nicholson, American Association for the Advancement of Science Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Princeton University Observatory Roy F. Schwitters, Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory Larry L. Smarr, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Norman Metzger, Executive Director *The project that is the subject of this report was initiated under the predecessor group of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, which was the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, whose members are listed in an appendix. Last update 9/25/00 at 4:27 pm Site managed by Anne Simmons, Space Studies Board Site managed by the SSB Web Group. To comment on this Web page or report an error, please send feedback to the Space Studies Board. Subscribe to e-newsletters | Feedback | Back to Top Copyright © 2004. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001. Terms of Use and Privacy Statement http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ssb/innermem.html (3 of 3) [6/18/2004 10:06:20 AM]