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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This project was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Food and Drug Administration; U.S. Department of Defense, Department of the Army: Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Medical Research and Materiel Command, and Defense Threat Reduction Agency; U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs; U.S. Department of Homeland Security; U.S. Agency for International Development; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; American Society for Microbiology; Sanofi Pasteur; Burroughs Wellcome Fund; Pfizer; GlaxoSmithKline; Infectious Diseases Society of America; and the Merck Company Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-12402-7

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-12402-6

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Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

COVER: The cover image is a global anomaly mosaic of the combined normalized difference vegetation index (depicted over land surfaces) and sea surface temperatures (depicted over oceans) for January 2007 during the peak period of the 2006-2007 El Niño/Southern Oscillation warm event.

SOURCE: Data processing and analysis: Jennifer Small, Edwin Pak, Assaf Anyamba, Compton J. Tucker, GIMMS Group, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This image was provided by Dr. Assaf Anyamba of the University of Maryland Baltimore County and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, GIMMS Group.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2008. Global climate change and extreme weather events: understanding the contributions to infectious disease emergence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.



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