TABLE 3.1 Glasgow Coma Scales and Glasgow Outcome Scales

Glasgow Coma Scalea

Glasgow Coma Scale-Extendedb

Glasgow Outcome Scale

Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extendedc

Ability Assessed

Points

Memory Assessed

Points

Condition

Points

Condition

Points

Eye opening

 

Amnesia

 

Dead

1

Dead

1

Not open

1

>3 mo

0

Vegetative state

2

Vegetative state

2

To pain

2

31–90 days

1

Severely disabled

3

Lower severe disabled

3

To speech

3

8–30 days

2

Moderately disabled

4

Upper severe disabled

4

Spontaneous

4

1–7 days

3

Good recovery

5

Lower moderate disabled

5

Verbal response

 

3–24 h

4

 

 

Upper moderate disabled

6

Silence

1

0.5–3 h

5

 

 

Lower good recovery

7

Sounds

2

<30 min

6

 

 

Upper good recovery

8

Nonsense

3

No amnesia

7

 

 

 

 

Confused

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Motor response to pain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No response

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arm extension

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arm flexion

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Withdrawal

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Localizing

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

To command

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

aSOURCE: Jennett and Teasdale, 1981.

bSOURCE: Nell et al., 2000.

cSOURCE: Jennett et al., 1981.



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