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The Aerospace Corporation. 2004. Future Weather Doppler Radar Feasibility Study. Chantilly, VA and El Segundo, CA.

Anderson, T.P and J.S. Cherwonik. 1997. Cost Estimating Risk and Cost Estimating Uncertainty Guidelines. Acquisition Review Quarterly – The Journal of the Defense Acquisition University 4(3): 339-348.

Anderson, T.P. 2004. NRO Cost Group Risk Process. The Aerospace Corporation, 72nd Military Operations Research Society Symposium, Monterey, CA.

Anderson, T.P. 2008. Why Initial Cost Estimates are (Almost) Always Too Low. Cost Risk Tutorial. The Aerospace Corporation, Space Systems Engineering Risk Management Symposium.

Book, S.A. 2001. Estimating Probable System Cost. The Aerospace Corporation. Crosslink Magazine. Available at http://www.aero.org/publications/crosslink/winter2001/02.html. Accessed May 8, 2008.

Briggs, B.H., G.J. Phillips, and D.H. Shinn. 1950. The analysis of observations on spaced receivers of the fading of radio signals. Proceedings of the Physical Society 63B: 106-121.

Brotzge, J., K.K. Droegemeier, and D.J. McLaughlin. 2006. Collaborative adaptive sensing of the atmosphere (CASA): New radar system for improving analysis and forecasting of surface weather conditions. Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1948: 145-151.

Cheong, B.L., M.W. Hoffman, R.D. Palmer, S.J. Frasier, and F.L. Dekker. 2006. Phased Array Design for Biological Clutter Rejection: Simulation and Experimental Validation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 23: 585-598.

Cheong, B.L., R.D. Palmer, C.D. Curtis, T.-Y. Yu, D.S. Zrnic, and D. Forsyth. 2008. Refractivity retrieval using the Phased Array Radar: First results and potential for multimission operation. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing: in press.

Crum, T.D. and R.L. Alberty. 1993. The WSR-88D and the WSR-88D Operational Support Facility. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 74(9): 1,669-1,688.

Dockins, C., K. Maguire, N. Simon, and M. Sullivan. 2004. Value of statistical life analysis and environmental policy: A White paper. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Natinoal Center for Environmental Economics.



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References The Aerospace Corporation. 2004. Future Weather Doppler Radar Feasibility Study. Chantilly, VA and El Segundo, CA. Anderson, T.P and J.S. Cherwonik. 1997. Cost Estimating Risk and Cost Estimating Uncertainty Guidelines. Acquisition Review Quarterly – The Journal of the Defense Acquisition University 4(3): 339-348. Anderson, T.P. 2004. NRO Cost Group Risk Process. The Aerospace Corporation, 72nd Military Operations Research Society Symposium, Monterey, CA. Anderson, T.P. 2008. Why Initial Cost Estimates are (Almost) Always Too Low. Cost Risk Tutorial. The Aerospace Corporation, Space Systems Engineering Risk Management Symposium. Book, S.A. 2001. Estimating Probable System Cost. The Aerospace Corporation. Crosslink Magazine. Available at http://www.aero.org/publications/crosslink/winter2001/02.html. Accessed May 8, 2008. Briggs, B.H., G.J. Phillips, and D.H. Shinn. 1950. The analysis of observations on spaced receivers of the fading of radio signals. Proceedings of the Physical Society 63B: 106- 121. Brotzge, J., K.K. Droegemeier, and D.J. McLaughlin. 2006. Collaborative adaptive sensing of the atmosphere (CASA): New radar system for improving analysis and forecasting of surface weather conditions. Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1948: 145- 151. Cheong, B.L., M.W. Hoffman, R.D. Palmer, S.J. Frasier, and F.L. Dekker. 2006. Phased Array Design for Biological Clutter Rejection: Simulation and Experimental Validation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 23: 585-598. Cheong, B.L., R.D. Palmer, C.D. Curtis, T.-Y. Yu, D.S. Zrnic, and D. Forsyth. 2008. Refractivity retrieval using the Phased Array Radar: First results and potential for multi- mission operation. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing: in press. Crum, T.D. and R.L. Alberty. 1993. The WSR-88D and the WSR-88D Operational Support Facility. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 74(9): 1,669-1,688. Dockins, C., K. Maguire, N. Simon, and M. Sullivan. 2004. Value of statistical life analysis and environmental policy: A White paper. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Natinoal Center for Environmental Economics. 65

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66 EVALUATION OF THE MPAR PLANNING PROCESS DoD (Department of Defense). 2005. Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support. Washington, D.C. Available at http://www.defenselink.mil/releases/2005/nr20050630- 3843.html. Accessed May 8, 2008. Doviak, R.J. and D.S. Zrnic. 2006. Doppler radar and weather observations, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 562 pp. Evans, R.C. 2004. National Air Defense: Challenges, Solution Profiles, and Technology Needs. The MITRE Corporation. Available at http://www.mitre.org/work/tech_papers/tech_papers_04/04_1108/04_1108.pdf. Accessed May 8, 2008. Forecast International Inc. 2003. Forecast International Electronic Systems Forecast ARSR-4 (FPS-130) - Archived August 2003. Available at http://www.forecastinternational.com/archive/es/es6100.doc. Accessed July 29, 2008. Forecast International Inc. 2003. Forecast International Electronic Systems Forecast ARSR-4 (FPS-130) - Archived August 2003. Available at http://www.forecastinternational.com/archive/ls/FA0963.htm. Accessed July 29, 2008. Forsyth, D.E., J.F. Kimpel, D.S. Zrnic, R. Ferek, J.F. Heimmer, T. McNellis, J.E. Crain, A.M. Shapiro, R.J. Vogt, W. Benner. 2008. Another Update on the National Weather Radar Testbed (Phased-Array), 24th Conference on IIPS, AMS Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. GAO (Government Accountability Office). 2006a. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites. Steps Remain in Incorporating Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. GA0-06-993. GAO. 2006b. Air Traffic Control Modernization. Status of the Current Program and Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System. GAO-06-653T. Heinselman, P.L., D.L. Priegnitz, K.L. Manross, T.M. Smith, R.W. Adams. 2008. Rapid sampling of severe storms by the National Weather Radar Testbed Phased Array Radar. Weather and Forecasting: in press. Istok, M. J., P. Pickard, R. Okulski, R.E. Saffle, and B. Bumgarner. 2005. NWS use of FAA radar data – Progress and plans. Preprints, 21st Conf. on Interactive Information Processing Systems for Meteorology, Oceanography, and Hydrology, San Diego, CA. American Meteorological Society. CD-ROM, 5.3. ITT Industries. 1997. Multifunction radar for terminal area surveillance system TASS. Van Nuys, CA.

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REFERENCES 67 JPDO (Joint Planning and Development Office). 2005. Progress report on the Next Generation Air Transportation System Integrated Plan. Washington, D.C. Le, K., R.D. Palmer, B.L. Cheong, T.-Y. Yu, G. Zhang, S. Torres. 2008. On the Use of Auxiliary Receive Channels for Clutter Mitigation on Phased Array Weather Radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, in press. Leone, D.A., R.M. Endlich, J. Petriceks, R.T.H. Collis, and J.R. Porter. 1998. Meteorological Considerations Used in Planning the NEXRAD Network. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 70(1): 4-13. Mathis, RADM, M. 2003. “Emerging Threats and Challenges for Homeland Air Security”. Joint Missile Defense Organization. Presentation to the National Defense Industrial Association. http://proceedings.ndia.org/3310/JTAMDO_web_presentation.pdf McLaughlin, D.J., E.A. Knapp, Y. Wang, and V. Chandrasekar. 2007. Distributed Weather Radar Using X-Band Active Arrays. Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE Radar Conference, April 17-20, 2007, pp. 23-27. Miranda, S., C. Baker, K. Woodbridge, and H. Griffiths. 2006. Knowledge-based resource management for multifunction radar. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 23(1): 66-76. Mitra, S.N. 1949. A radio method of measuring winds in the ionosphere. Proceedings of the Institute for Electrical Engineering 99: 441-446. NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Toward a New National Weather Service - Assessment of NEXRAD Coverage and Associated Weather Services. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. NRC. 1999. Improving Project Management in the Department of Energy. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. NRC. 2002. Weather Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. NRC. 2004. Where the Weather Meets the Road. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. NRC. 2005. Flash Flood Forecasting over Complex Terrain: With an Assessment of the Sulphur Mountain NEXRAD in Southern California. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. NSTC (National Science and Technology Council). 2005. Strategic Plan for the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System. NSTC Committee on Environment and Natural Resources,

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68 EVALUATION OF THE MPAR PLANNING PROCESS Washington, D.C. Available at http://www.usgeo.gov/docs/EOCStrategic_Plan.pdf. Accessed May 27, 2008. OFCM (Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research). 2006. Federal Research and Development Needs and Priorities for Phased Array Radar. FCM-R25-2006. OFCM. 2007. Terms of Reference – Working Group for Multifunction Phased Array Radar. Available at http://www.ofcm.gov/wgmpar/references/WG%20MPAR%20TOR.pdf. Accessed May 13, 2008. OMB. (Office of Management and Budget). 2006. Capital Programming Guide V 2.0 Supplement to Office of Management and Budget Circular A-11, Part 7: Planning Budgeting and Acquisition of Capital Assets. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a11/current_year/part7.pdf. Accessed on May 8, 2008. Palmer, R.D., S. Gopalam, T.-Y. Yu and S. Fukao. 1998. Coherent Radar Imaging Using Capon’s Method. Radio Science 33(6): 1,585-1,598. Ryzhkov, A.V., T.J. Schuur, D.W. Burgess, P.L. Heinselman, S.E. Giangrande, and D.S. Zrnić. 2005. The Joint Polarization Experiment. Polarimetric rainfall measurements and hydrometeor classification. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86: 809- 824. Serafin, R.J. and J.W. Wilson. 2000. Operational Weather Radar in the United States: Progress and Opportunity. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81(3): 501-508. Skolnik, M.L. 2001. Introduction to Radar Systems. 3rd edition, McGraw Hill. Vasiloff, S.V. 2001. Improving tornado warnings with the Federal Aviation Administration’s Terminal Doppler Weather Radar. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82(5): 861-874. Weber, M., J. Cho, J. Flavin, J. Herd, and M. Vai. 2005. Multi-function phased array radar for U.S. civil-sector surveillance needs. in 32nd Conference on Radar Meteorology, 24-29 October, Albuquerque, NM. American Meteorology Society. Available at http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/96905.pdf. Accessed on May 8, 2008. Weber, M.E., J.Y.N. Cho, J.S. Herd, J.M. Flavin, W.E. Benner, and G.S. Torok. 2007. The Next-Generation Multimission U.S. Surveillance Radar Network. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88(11): 1,739–1,751. Westrick K.J., C.F. Mass, and B.A. Colle. 1999. The limitations of the WSR-88D radar network for quantitative precipitation measurement over the coastal western United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80: 2,289–2,298.

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REFERENCES 69 Whiton, R.C., P.L. Smith, S.G. Bigler, K.E. Wilk, and A.C. Harbuck. 1998. History of Operational Use of Weather Radar by U.S. Weather Services. Part II: Development of Operational Doppler Weather Radars. Weather and Forecasting 13: 219–252. Wiliamson S., Weadon M. and Welshinger M. 2008. Evaluation of the Multifunction Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Presentation to the NRC committee, Washington, DC, January 14, 2008. Yu, T., M. B. Orescanin, C. D. Curtis, D. S. Zrnic, and D. E. Forsyth. 2007. Beam multiplexing using the phased-array weather radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24: 103–118. Zhang, G. and R.J. Doviak. 2007. Spaced-antenna interferometry to measure crossbeam wind, shear, and turbulence: Theory and Formulation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24: 791-805. Zhang, G. and R.J. Doviak. 2008. Spaced-antenna interferometry to detect and locate sub- volume inhomogeneities of reflectivity: an analogy with monpulse radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, in press. Zhang, G., R.J. Doviak, D. Zrnic, J. Crain. 2008. Phased array radar polarimetry for weather sensing: Challenges and opportunities, IGARS, Boston, MA, July 6-11, 2008. Zrnic, D.S., J. F. Kimpel, D.E. Forsyth, A. Shapiro, G. Crain, R. Ferek, J. Heimmer, W. Benner, T.J. McNellis, R.J. Vogt. 2007. Agile beam phased array radar for weather observations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88: 1,753-1,766.

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Appendixes