Transport Canada, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Department of Transportation, St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation, Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, Environment Canada, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2007. Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway Study. Final Report.

USACE. 2002. Reconnaissance Report: Great Lakes Navigation System Review. June.

U.S. Congress. 1897. Report of the United States Deep Waterways Commission. House Document 192, 54th Congress, 2nd session.


American Great Lakes Ports Association. St. Lawrence Seaway Tolls.

American Presidency Project. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Committee Chairmen on the St. Lawrence Seaway and Power Project, April 19, 1952.

Environment Canada. The St. Lawrence Seaway—Great Lakes Waterway.

Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway System. Seaway History.

Infrastructure Canada. History of the St. Lawrence Seaway.

McConville, D. J. 1995. Seaway to Nowhere. American Heritage of Invention and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, Fall, pp. 34–44.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Government of Canada. 1995. The Great Lakes: An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book (3rd ed.).

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement