APPENDIX H
Summary Incident and Casualty Data from U.S. Coast Guard’s Marine Safety Management System, 1991–2000, and Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System, January 2000–March 2003



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APPENDIX H Summary Incident and Casualty Data from U.S. Coast Guard’s Marine Safety Management System, 1991–2000, and Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System, January 2000–March 2003 205

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206 • Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills in the Aleutian Islands Vessel 22% Pollution 42% Person 35% Facility 1% FIGURE H-1 Primary nature of incident (damage): all vessel types. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.) Significant 2% Serious Major 7% 1% None 90% FIGURE H-2 Casualty severity: all vessel types. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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Summary Incident and Casualty Data • 207 Offshore Supply Vessel, 106 Commercial Vessel, 145 Freight Ship, 235 Fishing Boat, 2,803 FIGURE H-3 Incidents by vessel type. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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208 • Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills in the Aleutian Islands Unclassified Vessel 502 Towboat/Tugboat 5 Tow/Tugboat 6 Tank Ship 7 Tank Barge 3 Research Vessel 3 Recreational Vessel 1 Unclassified Public Vessel 3 Passenger 3 Offshore Supply Vessel 9 Industrial Vessel 3 Freight Ship 180 Freight Barge 3 Fishing Boat 2366 Commercial Vessel 117 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Number of Casualties FIGURE H-4 Casualties by vessel type. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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Summary Incident and Casualty Data • 209 Structural Failure 5 97 Sinking Pollution 1560 Casualty (Person(s)) 1389 Missing Persons 7 Grounding 161 Flooding 53 97 Fire Explosion 2 Equipment Failure 154 Collision 154 Capsizing 7 Breakaway 5 Allision 61 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 0 200 400 600 800 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-5 Primary nature of incident: all vessel types. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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210 • Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills in the Aleutian Islands Dead, 449 Missing, 413 Injured, 9,298 FIGURE H-6 Dead, missing, and injured crew: fishing boats. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.) HM WX 1% 6% EF 24% HF 69% FIGURE H-7 Primary cause of incident: fishing vessels only. EF = equipment failure; HF = human factors; HM = hull material; WX = weather conditions. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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Summary Incident and Casualty Data • 211 1 Dry Cargo 1 Deck Stores Auxiliary Boiler 2 Waste Reception 4 5 Engine Stores 5 Ballast 6 Lifesaving 8 Habitation 9 Firefighting 12 Habitiation 20 Containment Strategy 20 Cargo 24 General Safety 24 Containment Execution 27 Bilge 42 Steering 49 Electrical 60 Internal Combustion Engine 73 Navigation Execution 75 Miscellaneous 83 Fuel 93 Weather Conditions 98 Navigation 98 Hull 100 Sea State 113 Deck Machinery 142 Propulsion 947 Situational Awareness 1017 Situational Assessment 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 0 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-8 Top-level root causes of incidents: all vessel types. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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212 • Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills in the Aleutian Islands Deck Stores 1 Dry Cargo 1 Auxiliary Boiler 2 Ballast 3 Lifesaving 3 Waste Reception 4 Engine Stores 5 Firefighting 7 Habitation 7 Habitiation 11 Containment Execution 15 Cargo 17 Containment Strategy 17 Bilge 21 General Safety 21 Steering 37 Electrical 47 Internal Combustion Engine 51 Navigation Execution 62 Miscellaneous 66 Fuel 67 Weather Conditions 67 Hull 77 Sea State 78 Navigation 79 Deck Machinery 94 Propulsion 119 Situational Awareness 820 Situational Assessment 892 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-9 Top-level root causes of incidents: fishing vessels. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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Summary Incident and Casualty Data • 213 Deck Stores 1 Dry Cargo 1 Auxiliary Boiler 2 Ballast 3 Lifesaving 3 Waste Reception 4 Engine Stores 5 Firefighting 7 Habitation 7 Habitiation 11 Containment Execution 15 Cargo 17 Containment Strategy 17 Bilge 21 General Safety 21 Steering 37 Electrical 47 Internal Combustion Engine 51 Navigation Execution 62 Miscellaneous 66 Fuel 67 Weather Conditions 67 Hull 77 Sea State 78 Navigation 79 Deck Machinery 94 Propulsion 119 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-10 Top-level root causes of incidents, removing situational awareness factors: fishing vessels. (Source: Marine Safety Management System.)

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214 • Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills in the Aleutian Islands Dry Cargo 1 Deck Stores 1 Auxiliary Boiler 2 Waste Reception 4 Engine Stores 5 Ballast 5 Lifesaving 6 Habitation 8 Firefighting 9 Habitiation 1 Containment Strategy 20 Cargo 20 General Safety 24 Containment Execution 24 Bilge 27 Steering 42 Electrical 49 Internal Combustion Engine 60 Navigation Execution 73 Miscellaneous 75 Fuel 83 Weather Conditions 93 Navigation 98 Hull 98 Sea State 100 Deck Machinery 113 Propulsion 142 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-11 Top-level root causes of incidents, removing situational awareness factors: all vessels. (Source: Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System.)

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Summary Incident and Casualty Data • 215 Explosion 1 Breakaway 2 Capsizing 11 Missing 13 Allision 52 Flooding 66 Equipment Failure 140 Fire 145 Sinking 161 Collision 168 Grounding 170 Pollution 657 Casualty (Person(s)) 1206 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 0 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-12 Primary nature of incident: fishing vessels only. (Source: Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System.) Flooding 1 Emergency Response 1 Abandonment 1 Vessel Maneuverability 2 Material Failure (Vessels) 2 Fouling 2 Fire 2 Collision 3 Grounding 4 Damage to the Environment 22 15 20 25 0 5 10 Number of Incidents FIGURE H-13 Primary nature of incident: all vessels. (Source: Marine Information Safety and Law Enforcement System.)