References

Armstrong, B., and R. Doll. 1975. Bladder cancer mortality in diabetics in relation to saccharin consumption and smoking habits. British Journal of Preventive & Social Medicine 29:73–81.

Arnold, D., C. Moodie, H. Grice, S. Charbonneau, B. Stavric, B. Collins, P. McGuire, Z. Zawidzka, and I. Monro. 1980. Long term toxicity of ortho-toluenesulfonamide and sodium saccharin in the rat. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 52:113–152.

Ashby, J. 1985. The genotoxicity of sodium saccharin and sodium chloride in relation to their cancer-promoting properties. Food and Chemical Toxicology 23:507–519.

Baines, C. 2003. Transparency at the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lancet 361(9359):781–782.

EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2004. International Energy Annual. http://eia.doe.gov/iea (accessed May 5, 2008).

EIA. 2007. Projections: EIA, System for the Analysis of Global Energy Markets. http://eia.doe.gov/iea (accessed May 5, 2008).

EU (European Union). 2008. Europa Glossary. http://europa.eu/scadplus/glossary/precautionary_principle_en.htm (accessed April 10, 2008).

FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 2006. New Federal Health Initiative to Improve Cancer Therapy. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2006/NEW01316.html (accessed March 20, 2008).

Gohlke, J., and C. Portier. 2007. The forest for the trees: A systems approach to human health research. Environmental Health Perspectives 115(9):1261–1263.

Hastein, T., B. Hjeltnes, A. Lillehaug, J. Utne Skare, M. Berntssen, A. K. Lundebye. 2006. Food safety hazards that occur during the production stage: Challenges for fish farming and the fishing industry. Revues Scientifique et Technique 25(2):18.

Hattis, D. 2000. Draft risk analysis ideals. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 6(6):7.

Hattis, D. 2004. The conception of variability in risk analyses: Developments since 1980. In Risk Analysis and Society: An Interdisciplinary Characterization of the Field, edited by T. McDaniels and M. J. Small. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, pp. 15–45.

Hattis, D.A., and E.L. Anderson. 1999. What should be the implications of uncertainty, variability, and inherent “biases”/“conservatism” for risk management decision-making? Society for Risk Analysis 19(1):13.

HHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) and NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2005. Report on Carcinogens. 11th ed. Washington, DC: HHS and NTP.

IARC. 1987. IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risks to humans. In Genetic and Related Effects: An Updating of Selected IARC Monographs from Volumes 1–42. Suppl. 6:488–496.



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References Armstrong, B., and R. Doll. 1975. Bladder cancer mortality in diabetics in relation to saccharin con- sumption and smoking habits. British Journal of preventive & Social Medicine 29:73–81. Arnold, D., C. Moodie, H. Grice, S. Charbonneau, B. Stavric, B. Collins, P. McGuire, Z. Zawidzka, and I. Monro. 1980. Long term toxicity of ortho-toluenesulfonamide and sodium saccharin in the rat. toxicology and applied pharmacology 52:113–152. Ashby, J. 1985. The genotoxicity of sodium saccharin and sodium chloride in relation to their cancer- promoting properties. food and Chemical toxicology 23:507–519. Baines, C. 2003. Transparency at the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lancet 361(9359):781–782. EIA (Energy Information Administration). 2004. International Energy annual. http://eia.doe.gov/iea (accessed May 5, 2008). EIA. 2007. projections: EIa, System for the analysis of Global Energy Markets. http://eia.doe.gov/iea (accessed May 5, 2008). EU (European Union). 2008. Europa Glossary. http://europa.eu/scadplus/glossary/precautionary_ principle_en.htm (accessed April 10, 2008). FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 2006. new federal Health Initiative to Improve Cancer ther- apy. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/news/2006/NEW01316.html (accessed March 20, 2008). Gohlke, J., and C. Portier. 2007. The forest for the trees: A systems approach to human health re- search. Environmental Health perspectives 115(9):1261–1263. Hastein, T., B. Hjeltnes, A. Lillehaug, J. Utne Skare, M. Berntssen, A. K. Lundebye. 2006. Food safety hazards that occur during the production stage: Challenges for fish farming and the fishing industry. Revues Scientifique et technique 25(2):18. Hattis, D. 2000. Draft risk analysis ideals. Human and Ecological Risk assessment 6(6):7. Hattis, D. 2004. The conception of variability in risk analyses: Developments since 1980. In Risk analysis and Society: an Interdisciplinary Characterization of the field, edited by T. McDaniels and M. J. Small. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, pp. 15–45. Hattis, D.A., and E.L. Anderson. 1999. What should be the implications of uncertainty, variability, and inherent ‘‘biases’’/‘‘conservatism’’ for risk management decision-making? Society for Risk analysis 19(1):13. HHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) and NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2005. Report on Carcinogens. 11th ed. Washington, DC: HHS and NTP. IARC. 1987. IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risks to humans. In Genetic and Related Effects: an Updating of Selected IaRC Monographs from Volumes –. Suppl. 6:488–496. 

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