portation needs, matching these needs to appropriate transit service providers, and ensuring that the providers are available during an emergency. Moreover, keeping this information up to date is both costly and challenging, particularly in large UAs.

In conducting this study, the committee was mindful of each of the above issues and the complexities that result.

Organization of the Report

The results of the three main study tasks are described in the chapters that follow. Chapter 2 provides a brief overview of emergency planning in general and evacuation planning in particular to set the stage for the subsequent chapters. Chapter 3 elaborates on the factors that affect the role of transit in an emergency evacuation and reports on the findings of the committee’s literature review to augment and illustrate these characteristics. Chapter 4 is focused on the 38 UAs, including the results of the committee’s plan assessment and case studies; findings are drawn from both. The fifth and final chapter summarizes the committee’s judgment regarding the factors critical to enhancing transit’s role in emergency evacuation, as well as the limits on the use of transit and complementary measures necessary to increase the capacity and resilience of the transportation system within which transit operates. This chapter presents the committee’s recommendations and suggestions for supporting research, along with action steps needed at the federal, state, and local levels.

References

Abbreviation

DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Bailey, D., S. Swiacki, A. Byrnes, J. Buckley, D. King, V. Piper, M. Marino, S. Mundle, G. Pierlott, and A. Lynd. 2007. Transportation Equity in Emergencies: A Review of the Practices of State Departments of Transportation, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, and Transit Agencies in 20 Metropolitan Areas. Final Report. FTA-PA-26-8001-2007. Milligan & Company, LLC, and Mundle & Associates, Philadelphia, Pa., May.

DHS. 2006. Nationwide Plan Review, Phase 2 Report. Washington, D.C., June 16. www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/Prep_NationwidePlanReview.pdf.



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