1. Examine how education and outreach activities can be developed to guide the life science community’s response to concerns about dual use research so as to ensure that actions taken by the community are appropriate and contribute to advancing scientific knowledge while protecting national security.

  2. Conduct additional surveys, interviews, or focus groups of U.S. life scientists that better represent the full community, with higher response rates than the current study was able to achieve, and the ability to assess potential bias, in order to gain

    • a better understanding of the awareness of a broader range of U.S. life scientists about dual use research of concern and the measure that they would support to reduce the threat that research in the life sciences could be subverted to do harm;

    • a better understanding of the types of behavioral changes being made in response to dual use concerns to determine if actions by life scientists are contributing to national security or harming scientific research; such research is critical given the actions that the current survey suggests are being taken;

    • more detailed information about the types of changes scientists are making or scientists’ thoughts about dual use issues, experiments of concern, and select agents;

    • a better understanding of scientists’ experiences with education on this topic and their views about the content and delivery of educational and training materials.

  1. Conduct additional surveys of life scientists outside the United States that would enable comparisons of attitudes toward dual use research of concern and inform educational and outreach programs so that they can be effective on a global scale. Such knowledge could also facilitate international discussions of potential measures to address dual use concerns.



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