scientists’ doubts about the measures themselves that explain the weak relationship.

Summary of Key Results

  • None of the seven policy measures attracted a majority of support from survey respondents, although increasing restrictions on access to pathogens received almost 50 percent support (Figure 3-12).

  • Respondents who worked with dual use research often were less likely to favor the policies (Table 3-14).


This chapter has presented the results of our survey of a sample of AAAS members in the life sciences. The key results for each topic addressed in the survey have been presented. In a number of cases, additional statistical analyses were performed to explore possible explanations for the results and these are presented in the relevant sections. Some of the results support assumptions that the committee made about likely responses and some of the results were surprising to at least some of the committee members. The next chapter presents a synthesis of the key results from the survey as well as the committee’s conclusions about what they may mean for policies to reduce the risks that the results of research in the life sciences will be used for malign purposes. The chapter concludes with the committee’s recommendations for further research and actions related to outreach and education.

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