Question

Number of Responsesa

6. Do you now or have you ever worked with or managed research using select agents?

1,798

7. Do the journal(s) in your field require reviewers to evaluate whether manuscripts include knowledge, tools and techniques with dual use potential?

1,755

8. Do the journal(s) in your field require authors to disclose any research with dual use potential to editors upon submission of the manuscript?

1,755

9. Should scientific journals have policies regarding publication of dual use research?

1,755

10. Have you ever contacted an editor because you felt that a manuscript you were reviewing contained knowledge, tools, or techniques that could pose a threat to national security?

1,755

11. Should professional scientific societies have codes for the responsible conduct of dual use life sciences research?

1,743

12. Are you a member of any professional scientific societies that already have codes of conduct that include statements about the responsible conduct of dual use research?

1,743

13. Principal investigators should be responsible for the initial evaluation of the dual use potential of their life sciences research.

1,658

14. Scientists should provide formal assurance to their institution that they are assessing their work for dual use potential.

1,658

15. Scientists conducting or managing research should take an oath, similar to medicine’s Hippocratic Oath, to carry out research responsibly and guard against deliberate misuse of the knowledge, tools, or techniques of dual use research.

1,658

16. Preventing the potential that knowledge, tools, or techniques from dual use research could pose a threat to national security requires …

1,658

Certification of researchers conducting dual use research

1,658

Greater restrictions on access to specific biological agents or toxins.

1,658

Licensure of certain biological equipment that is commonly used in life science research.

1,658

Restrictions on disclosure of details about the research or its findings through personal communication.

1,658

Alteration or removal of certain experimental methods or findings prior to publication or presentation.

1,658

Restrictions on publication of findings based on dual use potential.

1,658

Classification of research findings based on dual use potential.

1,658

17. Dual use research needs greater federal oversight.

1,637

18. Principal investigators should be responsible for training lab staff, students, and visiting scientists about dual use research including policies and practices to minimize the potential for misuse of information from their research.

1,637



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement