known and could help in the development and implementation of policies and activities to address dual use research. However, given the difficulty of finding a representative survey group from which to sample and the low survey response rate, these ambitious goals could not be fully achieved. Only 16 percent of scientists completed the survey and another 4 percent responded in part. Nevertheless, the committee believes that the survey responses (including respondents’ comments) do provide interesting indications of attitudes and evidence of actions that merit further investigation. Moreover, the committee feels that the methodological difficulties encountered in this project serve as valuable lessons for future surveys on this as well as other topics of interest with the scientific community.