BOX 3-3

Illustrative Respondent Comments About Foreign Scientists

“Federal funds should not be used to support dual use research outside of the United States, unless it is through existing programs specifically designed to “retrain” former biological weapons scientists, and whose programs are well monitored for both fiscal responsibility and scientific progress.”


“It is not in US interest to train nationals of some nations in dual use technology.”


“The largest threat is allowing foreign students and researchers access to all of our academic research labs and knowledge. Much of this knowledge gets exported to scientists’ home countries through personal communications that are not detected by monitoring scientific publications and meetings. Many countries develop relationships with their scientists that work and live in the US specifically to get access to this information. A mechanism of the US government to work with US scientists to detect and monitor these kinds of activities, as well as greater restrictions to entrance to US institutions by students from certain countries and/or their participation in certain programs of study would be of most benefit in protecting the US from bioterrorism and other losses of security and economic interest.”


“Federal funds should not be used to support dual use research outside of the United States, unless it is through existing programs specifically designed to “retrain” former biological weapons scientists, and whose programs are well monitored for both fiscal responsibility and scientific progress.”

TABLE 3-8 Number of Changes Individual Scientists Made

Number of Changes

Frequency

Percentage

0

1,484

85

1

146

8

2

53

3

3

20

1

4

19

1

5

5

<1

6

7

<1

7

3

<1

8

2

<1

9

5

<1

 

Number

Percentage

Respondents

1,744

100

Did not answer

210

Total

1,954

SOURCE: NRC/AAAS Survey; data tabulations by staff.



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