FIGURES

2-1

 

Years since highest degree was awarded,

 

60

3-1

 

Frequency distribution for percentage chance of bioterror attack somewhere in the world,

 

74

3-2

 

Frequency distribution for percentage chance of bioterror attack in the United States,

 

75

3-3

 

Frequency distribution for percentage chance of dual use life sciences research facilitating a bioterror attack,

 

75

3-4

 

Reasons why there have been few acts of bioterrorism,

 

77

3-5

 

Respondents’ views on whether sources of information could provide sufficient information for an individual with college-level life science training to deliberately create a harmful biological agent,

 

80

3-6

 

Respondents’ views on individual responsibility,

 

92

3-7

 

Respondents’ views on whether journals require reviewers to evaluate, and authors to disclose, whether manuscripts include knowledge, tools, and techniques with dual use potential,

 

95

3-8

 

Support for education or training and review of grants by institutions,

 

100

3-9

 

Respondents’ views on whether funding agencies should require grantees to attest on grant applications that they have considered dual use implications of their proposed research,

 

102

3-10

 

Respondents’ views on whether funding agencies would be less likely to fund grant proposals if the proposed research has dual use potential,

 

103

3-11

 

Respondents’ views regarding whether dual use research needs greater federal oversight,

 

106

3-12

 

Respondents’ views on steps that should be taken to prevent the potential that knowledge, tools, or techniques from dual use research could pose a threat to national security,

 

109

BOXES

1-1

 

Statement of Principles by Journal Editors and Authors Group,

 

18

1-2

 

Key Recommendations: Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism,

 

21

1-3

 

NSABB Criteria for Dual Use Research of Concern,

 

24

3-1

 

Illustrative Respondent Comments on Why There Have Been Few Acts of Bioterrorism,

 

79



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