TABLE 3-1 Evaluation Framework

Quality

  • Effects on the quality of the standards themselves, such as their clarity, comprehensiveness, and developmental appropriateness.

  • Effects on the quality of other components of the education system, such as assessments, curriculum, textbooks/materials, the accountability system, and the teacher workforce.

  • Effects on outcomes, such as student achievement and graduation rates.

Equity

  • Effects on expectations for student learning, as embodied in content and performance standards.

  • Effects on equity of components of the education system, as reflected in funding, teachers, placement, opportunity to learn, other factors.

  • Effects on outcomes, such as achievement gap, differential dropout rates.

Feasibility

  • Political feasibility of moving toward common standards.

  • Cost of moving toward common standards.

  • Capacity requirements to move toward common standards.

Opportunity cost

Evaluation of what might be lost if policy attention focuses on common standards at the expense of alternative policy options, such as improving No Child Left Behind, improving teacher preparation, etc.



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