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Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff John C. Weicher (Chair) is director of the Center for Housing and ­Financial Markets at the Hudson Institute. From 2001 to 2005 he served as the assis- tant secretary for housing and the federal housing commissioner at HUD. He previously served as assistant secretary for policy development and research at HUD and as chief economist at both HUD and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. He has managed research staff and projects for government agencies and policy research institutes, including the Urban Institute, the American Enterprise Institute, and the Hudson Institute. He served on the Millennium Housing Commission and the Advisory Commit- tee on Population Statistics for the U.S. Census Bureau. Previously, he was an assistant and associate professor of economics at Ohio State University. He has also served as president of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, and he received its George Bloom award for career achievement in 1993. Raphael Bostic is a professor at the School of Policy, Planning, and Devel- opment of the University of Southern California (USC) and director of the school’s master of real estate development degree program. He is also an associate director of USC’s Lusk Center for Real Estate. He studies the roles that credit markets, financing, and policy play in enhancing household access to economic and social amenities. His most recent work examines how mortgage finance institutions, such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, have influenced the flow of mortgage credit. He previously worked for the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, from which he received a special achievement award for his performance associated with a review of the 215

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216 REBUILDING THE RESEARCH CAPACITY AT HUD Community Reinvestment Act. He is a member of the American Economic Association, the Association of Public Policy and Management, the Urban Land Institute, the American Real Estate Society, and the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors. He is currently the secretary for the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, and he has served as a board member for the National Economic Association. Barney Cohen (Study Director) is director of the Committee on Popula- tion of the National Research Council (NRC). His work at the NRC has covered a wide variety of domestic and international projects, including studies on fertility, morbidity, mortality, urbanization, migration, aging, and HIV/AIDS. Currently, he is also serving as the liaison of the National Academies to the Academy of Science of South Africa and the Ghanaian Academy of Arts and Sciences as part of a larger project aimed at support- ing the development of academies of science in Africa. He has an M.A. degree in economics from the University of Delaware and a Ph.D. degree in demography from the University of California at Berkeley. Steven M. Cramer is the associate dean of academic affairs in the College of Engineering and professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on structural materials, design of prefabricated structural building components, and performance of light-frame buildings subject to fire. He has contributed more than 90 papers and books to national and international technical forums on these topics. He has twice been awarded the L.J. Markwardt Wood Engineering Award by the Forest Products Society, and he is active in the development of engineering standards and specifications through sev- eral industry-related organizations. He has been often recognized for out- standing teaching in structural engineering and construction materials with s ­ tudent-based awards and by the university in 2002 with the Chancellor’s Distinguished Teaching Award. He is a registered professional engineer in Wisconsin and holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in civil engineering from Colorado State University. Paul R. Fisette is the director and a professor of building materials and wood technology and a professor of architecture at the University of M ­ assachusetts, Amherst. His research and professional work focuses on the performance of building systems, energy-efficient construction, sustain- able building practices, and the performance of building materials. He has developed an innovative web service that provides technical advice regard- ing the performance, specification, and use of building materials, and he has authored more than 200 published works regarding building science and construction technology. Previously, he owned and operated a general

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 217 contracting business and was a senior editor of Custom Builder Magazine. He is a contributing editor to The Journal of Light Construction, and a member of the Forest Products Society, National Institute of Building Sci- ences, and Northeast Sustainable Energy Association. George Galster is Clarence Hilberry professor of urban affairs at the Department of Geography and Urban Planning at Wayne State University. His work focuses on fair housing, lending, insurance, and the costs of racial and economic segregation, and he has published more than 100 scholarly articles on those topics. He has been a consultant to HUD and the U.S. Department of Justice; numerous municipalities, community organizations, and civil rights groups; and organizations and corporations. He has also served on the Consumer Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors. He has held positions at Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the College of Wooster, as well as the Urban Institute in Washington, DC. He is a member of a number of professional societies, including the Ameri- can Economics Association, the American Planning Association, the Ameri- can Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, the Asian Network for Housing Research, the European Network for Housing Research, the Euro- pean Urban Research Association, and the Urban Affairs Association. Jeremy Harris served for more than 10 years as the mayor of the city and county of Honolulu, Hawaii, the 12th largest city in the United States, retiring in January 2005. Prior to becoming mayor, he was Honolulu’s lon- gest serving managing director, a position he held for almost 9 years. He is the only person to receive the Public Administrator of the Year Award for 2 consecutive years from the American Association of Public Admin- istrators in Hawaii. He is the author of The Renaissance of Honolulu, the Sustainable Rebirth of an American City. He has served on the board of directors of the American Institute of Architects and serves as visiting senior faculty in energy and sustainability at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. He holds an M.S. degree in population and environ- mental biology, specializing in urban ecosystems, from the University of California at Irvine. Robert B. Helms is a resident scholar in health policy studies at the Ameri- can Enterprise Institute. From 1981 to 1989 he served as assistant secre- tary for planning and evaluation and deputy assistant secretary for health policy at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). He currently participates in the Consensus Group, an informal task force that is developing market-oriented health reform concepts and also serves on the Institute for Health Technology Studies’ (InHealth) Research Council.

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218 REBUILDING THE RESEARCH CAPACITY AT HUD He was a member of the HHS’s Medicaid Commission and of the National Advisory Council for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. He is the editor of several AEI publications on health policy, including Medi- care in the 21st Century: Seeking Fair and Efficient Reform; and he has written on the history of Medicare, the tax treatment of health insurance, the financing of Medicaid, and international comparisons of health systems. He holds a Ph.D. degree in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles. Douglas S. Massey is the Henry G. Bryant professor of sociology and public affairs at Princeton University. Previously, he was a professor of sociology and public policy at Princeton University, and he has also taught at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Chicago. His work as a demographer focuses on studies of race relations and international migrations. He is the author or coauthor of 17 books, including American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass and Problem of the Century: Racial Stratification in the United States. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He has served as the president of the Population Association of America, the American Sociological Association, and the American Academy of Political and Social Science. Sandra J. Newman is director and professor of policy studies at the Insti- tute for Policy Studies at Johns Hopkins University, and she also holds joint appointments in the Departments of Sociology and Health Policy and Management at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. Previously, she was a visiting scholar in the research office of HUD, for which she received an award for outstanding service; she is currently a member of the HUD research cadre. Her interdisciplinary research focuses on the intersection of housing, employment, welfare, and health, particularly the role of housing in the well-being of children and families. She is a member of the policy council of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management and of the boards of the Center for Housing Policy, the National Foundation for Affordable Housing Solutions, and the Johns Hopkins Berman Real Estate Program. Edgar O. Olsen is a professor of economics at the University of Virginia, where he has served as department chair. Previously, he held positions at the Rand Corporation, the Institute for Research on Poverty, the Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin, and as a visiting scholar at HUD. His research specialty is low-income housing policy, and he has published widely and testified before several U.S. House and Senate committees on

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 219 that topic. He is on the editorial board for Housing Policy Debate, on the advisory board for Moving to Opportunity, and on the board of directors of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association. He received a Ph.D. degree from Rice University. John L. Palmer is a distinguished university professor at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Previously, he was dean of the Maxwell School and professor of economics and public administration. He has served as a presidential-appointed public trustee for the Medicare and Social Security Programs since 2000. Before moving to Syracuse he held positions at the Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute, and he was assistant secre- tary for planning and evaluation of HHS (1979-1981). His publications include 13 books and numerous professional and popular articles on a wide range of topics related to economic, budgetary, and social policy concerns. He has provided expert testimony to Congress on many topics, including social security, Medicare, job creation, welfare reform and employment tax c ­ redits, and he has been a consultant to various government agencies, pri- vate foundations, and universities. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration and past president of the National Academy of Social Insurance. John M. Quigley is the I. Donald Terner distinguished professor of econom- ics and public policy and professor of business at the University of Califor- nia at Berkeley, and he is directing the university’s program on housing and urban policy. He has previously served as chair of the Berkeley division of the Academic Senate and chair of the Department of Economics. His cur- rent interests include mortgage and financial markets, urban labor markets, housing, and local public finance. He has served as consultant for many research and U.S. government agencies, several foreign governments, and the World Bank. He is an elected foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. Michael A. Stegman is the director of policy for the Program on Human and Community Development at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. He serves as the foundation’s lead observer of domestic policy issues, focusing on affordable housing, community change, mental health, juvenile justice, education, and urban and regional policy, all in the larger context of local, state, and national policy developments. He is a member of the Richmond Federal Reserve Bank Community Development Advisory Council and a former fellow of the Urban Land Institute. Prior to joining the foundation he held several teaching and other positions at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has been a consultant to the Fannie Mae Foundation, HUD, the U.S. Treasury Department, the Community Develop-

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220 REBUILDING THE RESEARCH CAPACITY AT HUD ment Financial Institutions Fund, and the U.S. Government Accountability Office. He has written extensively on housing and urban policy, community development, financial services for the poor, and asset development policies, and he has testified before Congress on those issues. Margery A. Turner is director of the Center on Metropolitan Housing and Communities of the Urban Institute. She analyzes issues of residential loca- tion and racial and ethnic discrimination and their contributions to neigh- borhood segregation and inequality, as well as the role of housing policies in promoting residential mobility and location choice. Much of her current work focuses on the Washington metropolitan area. She served as deputy assistant secretary for research at HUD from 1993 through 1996. Prior to her position at HUD, she directed the housing research program at the Urban Institute. She has coauthored two national housing discrimination studies that used paired testing, and she extended the paired testing meth- odology to measure discrimination in employment and to mortgage lend- ing. She has directed research on racial and ethnic steering, neighborhood outcomes for families who receive federal housing assistance, and emerging patterns of neighborhood diversity in city and suburban neighborhoods.