Appendix G
Mapping of Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks to Relevant Projects of the Exploration Technology Development Program

TABLE G.1 Mapping Between Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks and Relevant ETDP Projects

Selected ETDP Projects, by Number and Name

Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks (BRM), by Number

Other Reference Documents

03 Lunar Dust Mitigation

Risk #33: Monitor External Environment, Lack of remedial action poses of crew health risk for chemical composition of dust, particulate size

Risk of Adverse Health Affects from Lunar Dust Exposure. It is clear that prolonged exposure to rock dust is harmful, but it is not clear if exposure to regolith dust is more or less harmful than terrestrial rock dust. Research into this area may determine if exposure limits need to be changed, and/or if additional medical treatment capability is required. (1,2)

Risk #37: Provide Space Suit and portable life support systems

“Lunar and Mars and dust contamination leading to suit failure”

10 Autonomy for Operations

Risk #26: Mismatch Between Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Task Demands

Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception. (1,2)

Risk #45: Poorly Integrated Ground, Crew, and Automation Functions

12 Autonomous Landing and Hazard Avoidance Technology

Risk #26: Mismatch Between Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Task Demands

Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception. (1,2)

13 Automated Rendezvous and Docking Sensors

Risk #26: Mismatch Between Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Task Demands

Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception.



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Appendix G Mapping of Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks to Relevant Projects of the Exploration Technology Development Program TABLE G.1 Mapping Between Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks and Relevant ETDP Projects Selected ETDP Projects, by Number Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks and Name (BRM), by Number Other Reference Documents 03 Lunar Dust Risk #33: Monitor External Risk of Adverse Health Affects from Lunar Dust Mitigation Environment, Lack of remedial Exposure. It is clear that prolonged exposure to rock action poses of crew health risk dust is harmful, but it is not clear if exposure to regolith for chemical composition of dust is more or less harmful than terrestrial rock dust. dust, particulate size Research into this area may determine if exposure limits need to be changed, and/or if additional medical Risk #37: Provide Space Suits treatment capability is required. (1,2) and Portable Life Support Systems “Lunar and Mars and dust contamination leading to suit failure” 10 Autonomy for Risk #26: Mismatch Between Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles Operations Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that and Task Demands long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, Risk #45: Poorly Integrated dynamic visual acuity, and perception. (1,2) Ground, Crew, and Automation Functions 12 Autonomous Risk #26: Mismatch Between Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles Landing and Hazard Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that Avoidance Technology and Task Demands long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception. (1,2) 13 Automated Risk #26: Mismatch Between Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles Rendezvous and Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that Docking Sensors and Task Demands long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception. continued 7

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 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM TABLE G.1 Continued Selected ETDP Projects, by Number Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks and Name (BRM), by Number Other Reference Documents 14 Exploration Life HRP [Human Research Program] requirements are Support derived from the Exploration Architecture Requirements Document-Section TBD, ESMD Implementation Plan- Page 18, (NP-2006-11-448-HQ), NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards [SFHSS], Vol. I: Crew Health (SFHSS Vol. 1) and NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards, Vol. II: Habitability and Environmental Health (SFHSS Vol. 2) (1,2) 15 Advanced HRP requirements are derived from the Exploration Environmental Architecture Requirements Document-Section TBD, Monitoring and ESMD Implementation Plan-Page 18, (NP-2006-11-448- Control HQ), NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards, Vol. I: Crew Health (SFHSS Vol. 1) and NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards, Vol. II: Habitability and Environmental Health (SFHSS Vol. 2) 17 Extravehicular Risk #26: Mismatch Between HHC Risk of Compromised EVA [Extravehicular Activity Technologies Crew Cognitive Capabilities Activity] Performance and crew Health Due to and Task Demands Inadequate EVA Suit Systems: Improperly designed EVA suits can result in the inability of the crew to perform as expected, and can cause mechanical and decompression injury. Suit developers must fully understand the impact of the suit design on crew performance and health to ensure properly designed mobility, pressures, nutrition, life support, etc. (1,2) Risk #1: Accelerated Bone Risk of Adverse Health Affects from Lunar Dust Loss and Fracture Risk Exposure: It is clear that prolonged exposure to rock dust is harmful, but it is not clear if exposure to regolith Risk #2: Impaired Fracture dust is more or less harmful than terrestrial rock dust. Healing Research into this area may determine if exposure limits need to be changed, and/or if additional medical Risk #3: Injury to Joints and treatment capability is required. Intervertebral Structures Risk #6: Diminished Cardiac and Vascular Function Risk #11: Reduced Muscle Mass, Strength, and Endurance Risk #12: Increased Susceptibility to Muscle Damage Risk #30: Chronic and Degenerative Tissue Risks (due to Radiation Exposure) Risk #31: Acute Radiation Risks Risk #37: Provide Space Suits and Portable Life Support Systems continued

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 APPENDIX G TABLE G.1 Continued Selected ETDP Projects, by Number Bioastronautics Roadmap Risks and Name (BRM), by Number Other Reference Documents 21 Supportability Risk #26: Mismatch Between Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that and Task Demands long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception. (1,2) 22 Human-Robotic Risk #26: Mismatch Between Risk of Impaired Ability to Maintain Control of Vehicles Systems/Analogs Crew Cognitive Capabilities and Other Complex Systems: It has been shown that and Task Demands long duration spaceflight alters sensimotor functions which manifests as changes in locomotion, gaze control, dynamic visual acuity, and perception (1,2) 1. HRP-47052, Revision A. The Human Research Program [HRP] Requirements Document, Human Research Program, which was baselined in July, 2007, established the flow down of requirements from the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) and the Office of Chief Health Medical Officer (OCHMO) to the HRP Program Elements to ensure delivery of countermeasures and technologies that satisfy ESMD’s and OCHMO’s exploration mission requirements. 2. RMAT reviews medical risks in terms of probability, impact and proposals for mitigating the risks, and reviews each risk in terms of multiple mission architectures (short duration Earth orbital, ISS [International Space Station] 6 month, ISS 12 month, short duration Lunar sortie, long duration Lunar Mission and Mars Mission). The results are embodied in HRP-47052. 3. NP-2006-11-448-HQ. 4. NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards, Vol. I: Crew Health (SFHSS Vol. 1). 5. NASA Space Flight Human Systems Standards, Vol. II: Habitability and Environmental Health (SFHSS Vol. 2).