Appendix H
Description of the Exploration Technology Development Program

A presentation, “Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) Overview,” from Frank Peri, Program Manager, Exploration Technology Development Program, NASA, to the Exploration Technology Development Program on October 10-11, 2007, in Washington D.C., is reprinted in its entirety, as received, in this appendix.



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Appendix H Description of the Exploration Technology Development Program A presentation, “Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) Overview,” from Frank Peri, Program Manager, Exploration Technology Development Program, NASA, to the Exploration Technology Development Program on October 10-11, 2007, in Washington D.C., is reprinted in its entirety, as received, in this appendix. 0

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APPENDIX H Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) Overview 11 October 2007 Frank Peri Program Manager 

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2 ETDP Projects 97 PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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Technology Development for Orion APPENDIX H Thermal Control: Developing AR&D Sensors: Characterizing optical Structures & Materials: prototype flash evaporator, and laser sensors that measure the range Developing lightweight, high- sublimator, and composite radiator for and orientation of a target vehicle during strength parachute materials. thermal control during different autonomous rendezvous and docking. phases of mission. Ablative TPS: Qualifying thermal Exploration Life Support: Developing protection system materials in arcjet tests a prototype carbon dioxide and and developing a prototype heat shield. moisture removal system. 98 

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 Technology Development for Ares Structures & Materials: Developing friction stir welding and spin forming manufacturing processes for Ares I Upper Stage propellant tanks. Integrated Systems Health Monitoring: Developing health monitoring system for Solid Rocket Motor. 99 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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Technology Development for the Lunar Lander APPENDIX H Propulsion & Cryogenics: Prototype LOX-Methane Autonomous Precision engine for ascent stage Landing: Guidance algorithms and lidar sensors to enable precision landing and hazard avoidance. Propulsion & Cryogenics: Zero boil off cryogenic Propulsion & Cryogenics: propellant storage to enable Prototype deep throttling RL- long duration missions 10 engine for descent stage 100 

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 Technology Development for the Lunar Outpost Human Robotic Systems: Developing Energy Storage: Developing lithium-ion Fission Surface Power: Developing surface mobility systems to transport crew batteries and regenerative fuel cells to concepts and technologies for affordable and large payloads across lunar surface. power lunar surface systems. nuclear power systems. In-Situ Resource Utilization: Dust Mitigation: Characterizing effects Structures & Materials: Developing systems to produce of lunar dust on surface systems and Developing structural concepts for oxygen from lunar regolith developing technologies to prevent dust lunar surface habitats. accumulation. 101 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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Technology Development for ISS APPENDIX H A d v a n c e d E n v ir o n m e n t a l M o n it o r in g & C o n t r o l : D e v e lo p in g E N o s e a n d V e h ic le C a b in A ir M o n ito r ( V C A M ) in s tr u m e n ts to d e te c t a tm o s p h e r ic c o n ta m in a n ts , a n d L O C A D - P T S in s tr u m e n t to d e te c t h a r m fu l b a c te r ia . L O C A D -P T S VCAM IS S R e s e a r c h : D e v e lo p in g C o m b u s tio n In te g r a te d R a c k ( C IR ) a n d F lu id s In te g r a te d R a c k ( F IR ) to c o n d u c t b a s ic m ic r o g r a v ity r e s e a r c h o n c o m b u s tio n a n d flu id p h y s ic s C IR F IR 102 7

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 Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) and Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) Milestones 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Constellation Program Milestones SRR PDR CDR • Program Reviews Orion 1 • Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle SRR PDR CDR SRR PDR Ares 1-X CDR Ares 1-Y • Ares I Launch Vehicle SRR PD • Lunar Lander R • EVA SRR PDR CD R IA PS PS IA PS PS IA ETDP Reviews (NRC) R R R R ETDP Project Milestones Structural • Structures, Materials, & Mechanisms concepts for lunar habitats • Protection Systems Prototype ablative heat shield for Orion Prototype propulsion Zero boiloff cryo • Non-Toxic Propulsion systems for Lunar Lander propellant storage • Energy Storage & Power Systems Prototype Demo Lithium-ion regen fuel cells battery for EVA suit • Thermal Control Radiator for Orion Precision landing & • Avionics & Software hazard avoidance system for Lunar Lander • Env. Control & Life Support Prototype CO2 Deliver & moisture removal ENose & VCAM system for Orion for flight to ISS Advanced EVA • Crew Support & Accommodations Deliver CIR surface suit for flight to ISS • ISS Research & Operations Deliver FIR for flight to ISS • In-Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) Demo O2 production from regolith Payload handling crane Demo lunar surface • Robotics, Ops, & Supportability mobility systems Test 40 kW FSPS • Fission Surface Power Systems with reactor simulator A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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Project Partnerships - examples APPENDIX H DOE - Fission Surface Power - architecture studies Georgia Tech - systems analysis, low-temp avionics NORCAT - ISRU drill AFRL - autonomy sw, SIRF avionics Draper, APL, Lincoln Labs - GN&C algorithms Caterpillar - mobility system supervisor Michelin - mobility Tweel development (Segway) Hamilton Sundstrand - environmental systems Lockheed-Martin Denver (LMA)/Orbitec - Oxygen production from regolith PWR, NGST, Aerojet - propulsion systems 104 

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00 ETDP Supports Multiple Mission Needs • IOC is support for Orion, Ares I • Human Lunar Return is support for Ares V and Lunar Lander • Chart excludes ESMD Program Support, Program Office Operations, and Integration 105 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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2 ISS Research Experiments - cont’d Capillary Flow Experiments (CFE) Space Acceleration Measurement Systems (SAMS)/ Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System (MAMS) Binary Colloidal Alloy Test (BCAT-3+ / BCAT-4) Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures-2 (CSLM-2) Investigating the Structures of Paramagnetic Aggregates (InSPACE-2) Multi-User Droplet Combustion Apparatus (MDCA)/ Flame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX-2) Capillary Channel Flow (CCF) Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE) Smoke Point in Coflow Experiment (SPICE) Zero Boil-Off Tank Experiment (ZBOT) Gradient Driven Fluctuations Experiment (GRADFLEX) Boiling and Two Phase Laboratory Grant (2 Flow) Space Life Sciences Lab Exploration Lighting Technologies VOC Control (Non-Methane) with COTS Polymeric Adsorbents Sensor Validation Sensor Validation in Variable Pressure Environments Payload Processing and Development/ Passive Observatories for Experimental Microbial Systems (POEMS) HQ Support/ International Advanced Life Support Working Group (IALSWG) Executive Secretary Materials Science Research Rack (MSRR) Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) 137 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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MISSE APPENDIX H Provides a proven, economical means for in-space evaluations to mitigate risk for Exploration spacecraft NASA funding to MISSE is leveraged by DOD & industry investments MISSE 6A & 6 B: – Environmental effects CEV TPS – Elastomer seal and O-ring materials MISSE 1 for CEV Advanced Docking and MISSE 5 Berthing System. – Effects of surface bias on charge enhanced contamination. – New approaches to exposure effects experiments on the Lunar and Martian surfaces. – Ballute materials for entry braking and aero-capture in exploration missions. EVA attachment of MISSE 1 on ISS 138 

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 Summary Exploration Technology Development Program has a broad portfolio The portfolio is focused on our customer’s needs as defined by them: • Orion • Ares • ISS • EVA • Mission Operations • Ground Operations • Lunar Lander • Lunar Surface Systems Our success will be measured by our ability to infuse technologies into flight elements 139 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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 APPENDIX H Backup

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 ETDP Project Funding FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 Total $M Structures, Materials & Mechanisms 11.500 8.000 12.144 17.918 15.908 10.908 76.378 Advanced Radiation Shielding 0.000 0.000 1.400 6.999 7.000 7.000 22.400 Ablative TPS 44.257 4.133 4.149 4.343 5.226 5.226 67.334 Dust Mitigation 2.000 2.000 4.000 5.002 8.686 6.564 28.253 Habitation Systems 0.000 0.000 0.000 5.000 5.000 14.000 24.000 PCAD 27.448 27.366 23.207 27.614 16.840 1.474 123.948 CFM 10.722 13.712 12.200 15.100 16.999 3.800 72.534 Advanced Propulsion Technologies 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.000 15.157 26.332 45.488 Energy Storage 7.400 4.000 7.243 12.122 11.127 11.127 53.019 Surface Power Systems 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.000 5.443 4.000 13.443 Thermal Controls 2.574 3.563 3.777 4.846 4.939 4.939 24.638 RHESE 4.000 3.233 4.868 6.653 6.894 6.894 32.542 ISHM 2.930 4.080 5.928 7.000 9.349 9.349 38.636 A4O 1.400 1.500 2.634 3.650 5.636 5.636 20.456 Intelligent Software Design 1.500 1.500 2.000 2.500 2.000 1.500 10.999 ALHAT 11.010 12.577 9.910 10.524 10.601 4.601 59.223 AR&D 4.200 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 4.200 Mini-RF/LRO 6.250 4.000 2.000 1.000 0.000 0.000 13.250 Advanced Nav Sensors 0.000 0.000 1.800 10.000 13.000 30.000 54.800 High-Bandwith Comm 0.000 0.000 4.961 7.210 5.600 2.887 20.658 ELS 13.000 12.999 16.049 29.195 30.485 30.487 132.214 AEMC 9.241 8.220 10.949 15.204 13.519 13.519 70.652 FPDS 1.584 1.405 1.333 0.349 0.292 0.292 5.255 Advanced Waste Techniques 0.000 0.000 0.000 7.000 9.500 6.000 22.500 EVA Technologies 10.019 14.627 17.963 0.000 0.000 0.000 42.610 Advanced EVA Technologies 0.000 0.000 0.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 54.000 ISS Research 26.403 24.783 25.843 25.214 25.362 27.127 154.732 ISRU 5.000 8.000 14.910 26.221 29.989 37.724 121.845 FSP 10.000 10.000 11.260 15.241 15.417 15.417 77.335 Supportability 2.679 3.188 2.727 6.840 5.913 5.913 27.260 Human Robotics 8.039 11.054 14.982 19.021 20.712 20.712 94.519 ETDP Special Projects 14.780 8.004 9.977 10.497 10.103 13.216 66.578 Program Support 49.530 52.155 68.374 70.549 75.526 62.500 378.634 141 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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ETDP Civil Service FTEs APPENDIX H Civil Service FTEs FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 SMM 11.8 11.3 11.8 11.8 12.3 12.3 Advanced Radiation Shielding 0.0 0.0 3.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 Ablative TPS 70.9 13.5 12.8 11.3 13.8 13.8 Dust Mitigation 5.5 5.4 10.7 10.9 15.9 16.0 Habitation Systems 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 PCAD 49.1 49.8 38.8 44.6 35.1 7.3 CFM 23.8 27.3 21.9 25.4 31.0 9.6 Advanced Propulsion Technologies 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 12.0 12.0 Energy Storage 13.9 9.9 13.6 15.7 15.2 15.9 Surface Power Systems 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 Thermal Controls 4.6 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.8 4.0 RHESE 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 ISHM 5.0 8.0 11.0 8.0 8.0 9.0 A4O 3.4 3.4 5.9 8.2 11.7 11.2 Intelligent Software Design 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 ALHAT 16.8 16.9 14.7 14.2 13.5 8.0 AR&D 9.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Mini-RF/LRO 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Advanced Nav Sensors 0.0 0.0 3.5 8.0 14.0 13.0 High-Bandwith Comm 0.0 0.0 4.0 6.0 6.0 2.5 ELS 31.9 31.0 31.8 40.2 41.9 42.4 AEMC 0.0 0.0 2.0 6.1 6.7 4.9 FPDS 5.7 5.1 4.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 Advanced Waste Techniques 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.0 6.0 5.5 EVA Technologies 9.8 8.9 8.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Advanced EVA Technologies 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 ISS Research 38.0 39.0 38.0 38.0 38.0 40.0 ISRU 16.3 20.7 25.4 30.6 31.0 31.3 FSP 21.0 21.0 21.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 Supportability 6.4 6.4 6.8 9.5 9.7 9.7 Human Robotics 18.1 21.9 27.5 32.8 41.7 41.7 ETDP Special Projects 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1 25.1 Program Support 2.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 142 7

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 ETDP WYEs WYEs FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 SMM 6.0 4.9 5.4 5.4 5.9 5.9 Advanced Radiation Shielding 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Ablative TPS 33.5 5.8 3.8 3.8 7.8 7.8 Dust Mitigation 3.6 3.5 7.3 8.9 12.0 8.8 Habitation Systems 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 PCAD 35.0 27.5 13.5 18.0 14.0 2.0 CFM 16.3 20.0 18.7 18.9 21.8 5.1 Advanced Propulsion Technologies 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Energy Storage 14.3 8.5 12.1 16.8 16.3 16.6 Surface Power Systems 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Thermal Controls 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 RHESE 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 ISHM 6.0 8.0 10.0 21.5 22.5 25.5 A4O 4.1 4.1 7.1 11.9 16.4 16.9 Intelligent Software Design 3.7 3.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 ALHAT 13.5 14.1 14.3 10.3 9.7 7.3 AR&D 8.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Mini-RF/LRO 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Advanced Nav Sensors 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.0 5.0 10.0 High-Bandwith Comm 0.0 0.0 4.0 6.0 6.0 2.5 ELS 23.5 21.9 24.8 30.5 33.4 33.7 AEMC 29.1 35.5 35.9 32.7 28.1 30.1 FPDS 1.5 1.3 1.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 Advanced Waste Techniques 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 EVA Technologies 21.3 29.5 32.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 Advanced EVA Technologies 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 ISS Research 33.0 30.0 31.0 30.0 30.0 31.0 ISRU 5.1 5.7 9.6 11.7 13.9 13.9 FSP 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 Supportability 6.8 7.8 8.0 11.5 11.7 11.7 Human Robotics 16.8 21.9 27.4 35.8 54.4 54.3 ETDP Special Projects 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.8 143 Program Support 9.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 9.0 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM

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ETDP Project Managers APPENDIX H 144 

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0 A CONSTRAINED SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM 145

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 APPENDIX H 146

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