GM employees and their family members. Prior to joining GM, Dr. Bender worked in the field of occupational and environmental medicine for nearly 25 years, in leadership positions with the Campbell Soup Company, Owens-Corning, and Dupont. His activities have included clinical, executive, governing, and medical advisory roles in many national, international, and professional organizations, and he recently served a four-year term on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee. He received an M.D. from the University of Alabama’s School of Medicine, a Ph.D. in environmental sciences from Drexel University, and is certified as a specialist in occupational and environmental medicine.

EULA BINGHAM (IOM), Ph.D., is professor of environmental health at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Her interests include risk assessment, regulatory toxicology, environmental carcinogenesis, and occupational health surveillance. She was assistant secretary for labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) from 1977-1981. Throughout her career, Dr. Bingham has served on numerous national and international advisory groups, including advisory committees of the Food and Drug Administration, Department of Labor, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Institutes of Health, Natural Resources Defense Council, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer. The committees addressed issues concerning research needs in health risk assessment and the potential health effects of environmental exposure to chemicals. Dr. Bingham has a Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati in zoology (physiology), ecology, and biochemistry. She is an IOM member who has served on a number of committees of the National Academies.

JAMES E. CONE, M.D., M.P.H., is the medical director of the World Trade Center Health Registry, in the Division of Epidemiology at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. He previously directed programs in environmental and occupational medicine at the city and state levels, and in the university environment, including over 20 years of experience teaching, performing clinical and applied epidemiological research, and practicing clinical occupational and internal medicine. Dr. Cone is the immediate past chairperson of the Occupational Health and Safety Section of the American Public Health Association. His research interests are in occupational and environmental health, particularly toxic effects of exposures in the indoor environment, and health and mental health consequences of chemical and other environmental disasters, spills, and explosions, fires, and building collapses. He holds an M.D. from the University of California, San Francisco and an M.P.H. from the University of California, Berkeley. Other training in occupational and internal medicine includes an internship and residencies at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago and the Worcester Memorial Hospital in Massachusetts, as

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