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Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People: Progress and Possibilities
includes safe school environments; violence, alcohol and drug, and mental health preventive services; early childhood services; and treatment services. Over 150 communities have been funded through this program.
SAMHSA also administers the majority of service grants aimed at preventing suicide through the Garrett Lee Smith Memorial Act Suicide Prevention Program, which provides grants to states and colleges and funds a technical resource center.
In FY 2008, SAMHSA announced a new grant program, Project Launch (Linking Actions for Unmet Needs in Children’s Health), which is designed to promote the physical, emotional, social, and behavioral health of young children from birth to age 8. The grants will be provided to state or tribal governments for a wide range of early childhood service programs. The program is being implemented in collaboration with the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).
The MCHB at HRSA continues to be active in encouraging integration of mental health and physical health concerns. For example, its Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Grant Program includes “mental health and social-emotional development” as one of five core components. It administer the Healthy Start Program and several other programs aimed at improving the health and social-emotional functioning of young people.
ACF administers the Head Start and Child Abuse Prevention Programs and recently included prevention-related activities in a component of the Compassion Capital Fund. In addition to its involvement in the SSHS Progam, the Department of Justice, primarily through its Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, operates multiple grant programs aimed at delinquency prevention, violence prevention, and truancy reduction. CDC conducts surveillance and funds coordinated school health programs aimed at integrating eight health components, including mental health and social services. Finally, the Office of National Drug Control Policy awards drug-free communities grants and administers a national antidrug media campaign.
Many federal prevention funds operate as competitive grants of limited duration. This can lead to problems, such as inadequate or interrupted funding, that impact the ability to sustain interventions (see Chapter 11).
HHS, ED, and Justice appear to have mechanisms in place to support the planning, implementation, and technical assistance associated with the SSHS Program (U.S. Government Accountability Office, 2007) and other targeted initiatives. However, there does not appear to be an obvious connection between ED’s several programs and SAMHSA’s Strategic Prevention Framework. Similarly, although there are multiple relevant