are (1) SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP),13 which focuses specifically on programs related to mental health and substance abuse; (2) the Department of Justice’s Model Programs Guide; (3) the White House–sponsored Helping America’s Youth system; and (4) ED’s What Works Clearinghouse. All four list some programs related to prevention of MEB disorders.

Each system has independent processes for rating programs and uses different criteria. The Center for Study and Prevention of Violence compared the ratings assigned by 12 different review efforts; over one-third (34.5 percent) of the 298 programs listed were reviewed by more than one effort. The same program was often given different ratings by different systems; for example, one review assigned its highest rating and another its lowest for the same program.

The NREPP system is somewhat different from the others in that it does not assign an overall rating, but rather assigns a score of 0-4 on multiple criteria and multiple outcomes, leaving it to the user to determine their relevance. One innovative aspect of the system is the inclusion of criteria (implementation materials, training support, and quality assurance) related to readiness for dissemination. The Model Programs Guide of the Department of Justice lists 38 exemplary and 67 effective prevention programs, and NREPP lists 32 reviewed mental health promotion14 and 30 reviewed substance abuse prevention programs.15

In addition to these federally sponsored systems, a number of private and state-level organizations have established online systems to identify effective programs. Blueprints for Violence Prevention (see Chapter 11) is one of the oldest efforts to identify and rate evidence-based violence prevention programs. California has established a clearinghouse for information on recommended child welfare programs, and other states having established more broad-based clearinghouses.

There have also been numerous published reviews, most funded by federal agencies, that identify recommended programs related to juvenile justice (Mendel, 2001; Sherman, Gottfredson, et al., 1997), school-based prevention interventions (Greenberg, Domitrovich, and Bumbarger, 2001; Mihalic and Aultman-Bettridge, 2004), community-based approaches (Communities That Care, 2004), drug abuse prevention (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2003), youth violence prevention (U.S. Public Health


NREPP began as the Model Programs initiative in the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.


NREPP does not include a category for prevention of mental disorders, so mental health promotion in this context combines the terms as used by the committee.


NREPP’s predecessor, Model Programs, identified 66 model and 37 effective programs (many of which are prevention programs). All of these programs had to re-reviewed to be included in NREPP.

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