FIGURE 2-2 Comorbidity between major disorders (controlling for other comorbidities).

FIGURE 2-2 Comorbidity between major disorders (controlling for other comorbidities).

NOTE: ADHD = attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Anx = anxiety; DBD = conduct disorder/oppositional defiant disorder; Dep = depression; SUD = substance use disorder. Bars represent odds ratios; lines represent 95 percent confidence intervals.

SOURCE: Adapted from Angold, Costello, and Erkanli (1999) and Armstrong and Costello (2002).



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