was physician-in-chief of Children’s Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati. A current focus is creating high-value systems of care at Cincinnati Children’s and the College of Medicine that are more responsive to the individual needs of patients and families. A pediatric pulmonologist by training, he worked early in his career to define the pathophysiology of airway dysfunction and develop more effective therapies for chronic lung diseases of childhood, such as cystic fibrosis. More recently he has worked at local and national levels to improve research efforts, subspecialty training, and clinical care in pediatrics. He has a special interest in issues posed by children’s mental health for pediatric care and training. He is a member of the IOM and serves as cochair of the IOM Forum on the Science of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation. He has been a member of the Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs board of directors since 2004 and is currently board president. He has served as chair of the American Board of Pediatrics and president of the Society for Pediatric Research, as well as the American Pediatric Society. He has an M.D. from the University of Iowa.
William R. Beardslee is director of the Baer Prevention Initiatives in the Department of Psychiatry at Children’s Hospital Boston and Gardner Monks professor of child psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He is interested in the protective effects of self-understanding in enabling youngsters and adults to cope with adversity and has studied self-understanding in civil rights workers, survivors of cancer, and children of parents with affective disorders. He and his colleagues developed preventive interventions designed to enhance resilience and understanding in families with depressed parents and demonstrated long-term positive effects from these approaches. The approach has been implemented in several large-scale projects, including a nationwide program for children of depressed parents in Finland and in programs for low-income families. He received the Blanche F. Ittleson Award of the American Psychiatric Association, a Faculty Scholar Award from the William T. Grant Foundation, and, in 1999, received the Irving Philips Award for Prevention and the Catcher in the Rye Award for Advocacy for Children from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. In 2003, he received the Agnes Purcell McGavin Award for Prevention of Mental Disorder in Children from the American Psychiatric Association. He serves on the Carter Center Mental Health Task Force and on the Board of Mental Health America. He is an active member of the IOM Board on Children, Youth, and Families (BCYF) and served on the Committee on Adolescent Health and Development. He currently serves on the IOM Committee on Depression, Parenting Practices, and the Healthy Development of Young Children. He has an M.D. from Case Western Reserve University.