fornia. She has a B.A. from Butler University, an M.Ed. from the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, and a Ph.D. in counseling psychology from the University of Oklahoma.

Ricardo F. Muñoz is professor of psychology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), chief psychologist at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH), and director of the Clinical Psychology Training Program there. He directs the UCSF/SFGH Latino Mental Health Research Program, which develops Spanish- and English-language interventions designed to prevent and treat major depression and makes the resulting manuals available for download at To expand the reach of this work, he founded the UCSF/SFGH Internet World Health Research Center, which has as its mission developing and testing evidence-based Internet interventions for several health problems (such as smoking and depression) in several languages so that participants can use them worldwide (see He is coauthor of The Prevention of Depression: Research and Practice (1993) and editor of Depression Prevention: Research Directions (1987). He received the 1994 Lela Rowland Prevention Award from the National Mental Health Association for the San Francisco Depression Prevention Research Project. Muñoz was a member of the IOM committee that produced the report Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders: Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research. He also served on the IOM Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. He has an A.B. from Stanford University and a Ph.D. from the University of Oregon.

Mary Ellen O’Connell (Study Director) is a senior program officer in the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (DBASSE) of the NRC. She has served as study director for four previous consensus studies: on international education and foreign languages, ethical considerations for research on housing-related health hazards involving children, reducing underage drinking, and assessing and improving children’s health. She also served as study director for the Committee on Standards of Evidence and the Quality of Behavioral and Social Science Research, a DBASSE-wide strategic planning effort; developed standalone workshops on welfare reform and children and gun violence; and facilitated meetings of the national coordinating committee of the Key National Indicators Initiative. She came to DBASSE from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), where she spent eight years in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, most recently as director of state and local initiatives. Prior to HHS, she worked at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development on homeless policy and program design issues and for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as the director of field services. She has a B.A. (with distinction) from Cornell University and an

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