TABLE E-4 Risk Factors for Anxiety

Developmental Period

Context

Individual

Family

School and Peers

Neighborhood and Community

Preconception/prenatal

Genetic predisposition3

 

 

 

Infancy

 

Insecure attachment3

Marital satisfaction1

Discrepant coparenting1

Parental modeling of anxiety1

Specific traumatic experiences1

Specific traumatic experiences3

Early childhood

Behavioral inhibition2,3

Marital conflict1

Negative events2,3

Specific traumatic experiences2

Negative events2,3

Lack of control experiences

Specific traumatic experiences2

Negative life events2,3

Lack of control experiences

Middle childhood

Behavioral inhibition2,3

Disgust sensitivity3

Cognitive development allows cognitive errors3

Parental anxiety2; parental overcontrol2,3

Rejection1,3

Anxious childrearing3

Parents model, prompt, and reinforce threat appraisals and avoidant behavior2

Marital conflict1; poor marital adjustment1

Negative events2,3

Specific traumatic experiences2

Negative events2,3

Lack of control experiences

Specific traumatic experiences2

Negative life events2,3

Lack of control experiences

Adolescence

Behavioral inhibition2,3

Disgust sensitivity3

Cognitive development allows cognitive errors3

Marital conflict1

Family conflict1

 

 



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