NIMH (2006)

% of total (n = 51)

NIDA (2006)

% of total (n = 79)

NIAAA (2007)

% of total (n = 53)

Target Mediator

Child skills or beliefs

45

88

61

77

42

79

Family

9

18

33

42

14

26

School

2

4

5

6

2

4

College

0

0

0

0

6

11

Community

2

4

3

4

6

11

Policy

0

0

0

0

5

9

Other mediators

6

12

4

5

8

15

Not enough information to determine mediator

2

4

8

10

3

6

Targeted Developmental Phase

Prenatal

0

0

1

1

3

6

Early childhood (0-5)

4

8

6

8

1

2

Childhood (6-9, elementary school)

13

25

18

23

0

0

Early adolescence (10-13, middle school)

17

33

36

46

10

19

Adolescence (14-17, high school)

20

39

30

38

11

21

Young adulthood (18-25)

12

24

7

9

36

68

Children or youth, age unspecified

6

12

6

8

1

2

Not enough information to determine development phase

2

4

4

5

0

0

Demographics: Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic

1

2

4

5

0

0

Hispanic

3

6

4

5

1

2

African American

6

12

7

9

3

6

American Indian

1

2

6

8

0

0

Minority unspecified

0

0

3

4

0

0

Multiethnic unspecified

0

0

12

15

2

4

Race not specified

44

86

51

65

48

91



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