Anxiety disorders, 29.

See also specific disorders

age at onset, 72, 93

efficacy/effectiveness of interventions, 153, 176, 192-194

genetic factors, 117

neurodevelopmental factors, 133

pathways to, 106

prevalence, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 72, 192

risk factors, 18, 52, 93-94, 530, 531

sex differences, 140

treatment strategies, 133-134, 136, 192

Anxiety sensitivity, 93, 193

Arachidonic acid, 213

Arizona State University, 342, 368

Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse, 361

Assuring Better Child Health and Development, 227-229

Athletic competence, 76

Attachment, 68, 77, 78, 89, 94, 99, 103-104, 131, 134-136, 141, 142, 146, 162, 175, 389, 516, 522, 523, 524, 530

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 29

age of onset, 49, 50, 72

comorbidities, 47, 48-49, 96

efficacy/effectiveness of interventions, 152, 159, 165, 186, 191, 214, 216

neurodevelopmental aspects, 133, 138, 139, 140-141

prevalence, 42, 43, 44, 45

racial/ethnic similarities, 45

risk factors, 54, 118, 131, 214, 215, 216, 528

sex differences, 45, 54, 140

stigma and labeling, 234

treatment strategies, 138

Australia, 165, 192, 391-392

Autism, 37, 39, 41, 48, 54, 115, 117, 118, 120, 123, 125-126, 136, 137, 213-214, 228

Autism spectrum disorders, 42, 191

Awareness, intervention, and methodology (AIM) approach, 23

B

Baltimore public schools, 76, 184

Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 179

Beat the Timer game, 210

Behavior.

See also Antisocial behavior;

Conduct disorder

hormonal influences, 140-141

Behavioral inhibition, 93, 94, 530

Benefits and costs of prevention, 5, 15

cost-benefit analysis, xxiii, 243, 244-245, 258

cost-effectiveness analysis, xxiii-xxiv, 243-245, 253-258, 259, 260

current knowledge, 3, 256-258

economic need for prevention, xiv, 245-252

intergenerational effects, 247

meta-analyses, 515

methodology, 242

morbidity and quality of life, 246-248

productivity costs, 242, 248-249

quality-adjusted life years, 244-245, 256

recommendations, 11, 260, 261

research needs, 11, 13, 259, 260, 261

total cost estimates, 251-252

utilization of services, 249-250

Bereavement, 83, 106, 154, 155, 209, 222, 315, 316, 319

parental, 89, 104, 105

post, 106

Big Brothers Big Sisters Program, 210-211

Bipolar disorder, 42, 45, 49, 50-51, 115, 120, 138, 191, 206

Blueprints for Violence Prevention, 22, 185, 200, 211, 309, 317, 353

Borderline personality disorder, 135-136

Boston University School of Public Health, 342

Brain development

addictive disorders and, 129-130

apoptosis and synaptic pruning, 122, 125, 126-127, 129, 130, 134, 140, 144

cell differentiation and migration, 123-124, 140

communication connections, 124-126

complexities of, 121-123

continuation with age, 127-129

genetic influences, 114-120

hormonal influences, 140-141

neurulation, 123

nutrition and, 213

research advances in, 113-114

sensitive periods, 130-131



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