Taxonomy: A system of names and classifications.

Translational research (type 1): The transfer of basic science discoveries into clinical research as well as the influence of clinical research findings on basic science research questions.

Translational research (type 2): The study of the real-world effectiveness and implementation of programs for which efficacy has been previously demonstrated.

Treatment: Interventions targeted to individuals who are identified as currently suffering from a diagnosable disorder that are intended to cure the disorder or reduce the symptoms or effects of the disorder, including the prevention of disability, relapse, and/or comorbidity.

Universal prevention: Preventive interventions that are targeted to the general public or a whole population group that has not been identified on the basis of individual risk. The intervention is desirable for everyone in that group.

Wait-list designs: Research designs that provide the new intervention first to the experimental group and later to those who were initially assigned to the control group.

Young people: For purposes of this report, children, youth, and young adults (to age 25).

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