TABLE V Entanglement Rates among Marine Mammals

Common Name

Species Name

Region

Study Period

Antarctic fur seals

Arctocephalus gazella

SA, Bouetoya

1996–2002

Antarctic fur seals

Arctocephalus gazella

SA, Bird Island

1988–1989

Antarctic fur seals

Arctocephalus gazella

SI, Marion Island

1991–1996

Australian fur seal

Arctocephalus pusillus

SP, Tasmania

1989–1993

Cape fur seals

Arctocephalus pusillus

SA, SW Africa

1977–1979

New Zealand fur seals

Arctocephalus forsteri

SP, New Zealand

1995–2005

New Zealand fur seals

Arctocephalus forsteri

SP, New Zealand

1989–2002

Harbor seals

Phoca vitulina

NP, USA

1984–1986

Hawaiian monk seals

Monachus schauinlandi

NP, NWHI

1982–1998

Monk seals

Monachus schauinlandi

NP, subtropical

1998–2004

Elephant seals

Mirounga leonina

SA, Argentina

1995–2005

Northern elephant seals

Mirounga angustirostris

NP, USA

1984–1986

Australian sea lions

Neophoca cinerea

SP, Australia

1988–2002

California sea lions

Zalophus californianus

NP, Mexico

1991–1995

California sea lions

Zalophus californianus

NP, Mexico

1992

California sea lions

Zalophus californianus

NP, USA

1984–1986

NOTE: Entanglement rate given as percentage of population affected. Temporal Trends: (+) increasing; (−) decreasing; (0) no change; (+/−) increase followed by decrease. Materials Legend: n = nets; p = packing plastic straps; r = rope/string/monofilament. Region Legend: SA = South Atlantic; NP = North Pacific; SP = South Pacific; SI = South Indian.



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