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The views, opinions, and findings contained in this paper are those of the authors and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position.



1. Gardner, C. W., et al. 2007. Demonstration of a robot-based Raman spectroscopic detector for the identification of CBE threat agents. Manuscript submitted for the Twenty-Fifth Army Science Conference, sponsored by the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology, November 27-30, 2007, Orlando, Florida. Defense Technical Information Center Report AD-A481010, available online at


2. Batavia, P., and R. Watts. 2004. Collaborative robots design considerations. Presentation at the National Defense Industrial Association Fourth Annual Intelligent Vehicles Systems Symposium , Traverse City, Michigan, June 2004.

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