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TABLE 11-1 Biosoma Components of a Transportation System

Bio

So

Ma

Individual operators

Organizations operating systems

Vehicles

Managers

Security forces

Platforms (roads, rails, pipelines, etc.)

Security personnel

Government

Local

Regional

National

Access facilities (station, harbor, airport, etc.)

Individual users

International compacts

Power and fuel supply

Working animals

Community

Sensors, command-and-control devices

FIGURE 11-1 The biosoma.

FIGURE 11-1 The biosoma.

ATTACKS AND VULNERABILITIES

Attacks on transportation systems can occur from individuals acting independently, such as hackers or some suicide bombers, or can be organized by social entities, such as terrorist groups of various degrees of sophistication, for example, those responsible for the September 11, 2001, attack in New York City and the attacks on trains in Madrid, London, and Mumbai. The attacks can be carried out by different kinds of machines, from conventional explosives to poisonous chemicals, nuclear or radiological devices, vehicles, airplanes, and generators of electromagnetic pulses. In general, the tighter the interconnections among the biosoma components of an attack, the more effective the attack is likely to be.



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