AN ASSESSMENT OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING AND FIRE RESEARCH LABORATORY

FISCAL YEAR 2008

Panel on Building and Fire Research

Laboratory Assessments Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY BUILDING AND FIRE RESEARCH LABORATORY FISCAL YEAR 2008 Panel on Building and Fire Research Laboratory Assessments Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the panel responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by Contract No. SB134106Z0011 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-12734-9 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-12734-3 Copies of this report are available from Laboratory Assessments Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Research Council 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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PANEL ON BUILDING AND FIRE RESEARCH ROBERT J. HITCHCOCK, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Chair RONALD G. BURG, CTL Group MARTIN FISCHER, Stanford University CATHERINE E. WOLFGRAM FRENCH, University of Minnesota KRISTIN H. HEINEMEIER, University of California, Davis PATRICK J. HUGHES, Oak Ridge National Laboratory CLAS A. JACOBSON, United Technologies Research Center CLIFF JONES, City of Tempe, Arizona JOHN JUDGE, Liebert-Emerson Network Power PAULO J.M. MONTEIRO, University of California, Berkeley R. SHANKAR NAIR, Teng and Associates, Inc. R. BYRON PIPES, Purdue University LLOYD M. ROBESON, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (retired) ADEL F. SAROFIM, University of Utah RICHARD E. SCHULER, Cornell University RICHARD L. TUCKER, University of Texas STEVEN R. WINKEL, The Preview Group, Inc. ANTENEH Z. WORKU, Dow Chemical Company Staff JAMES P. McGEE, Director ARUL MOZHI, Senior Program Officer CY BUTNER, Senior Program Officer LIZA HAMILTON, Administrative Coordinator JONATHAN ELLSAESSER, Senior Project Assistant iv

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Acknowledgment of Reviewers This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Melvyn C. Branch, University of Colorado, John T. Christian, Consulting Engineer, Richard G. Little, University of Southern California, James E. McGrath, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, John W. Mitchell, University of Wisconsin, and Richard N. Wright, National Institute of Standards and Technology (retired). Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Alton Slay, Warrenton, Virginia. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring panel and the institution. v

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Contents SUMMARY 1 THE CHARGE TO THE PANEL AND THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS 5 MEASUREMENT SCIENCE FOR BUILDING ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES 8 MEASUREMENT SCIENCE FOR BREAKTHROUGH IMPROVEMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTIVITY 14 MEASUREMENT SCIENCE FOR PREDICTING LIFE CYCLE PERFORMANCE OF NANOCOMPOSITE INFRASTRUCTURE MATERIALS 19 DISASTER RESILIENT STRUCTURES AND COMMUNITIES (HURRICANES AND EARTHQUAKES) 23 DISASTER RESILIENT STRUCTURES AND COMMUNITIES (FIRES) 29 PROGRAMS FUNDED UNDER THE AMERICA COMPETES ACT 37 OVERALL CONCLUSIONS 40 vii

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