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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Floyd E. Bloom (NAS/IOM), Chair, is professor emeritus in School of Medicine, the Uniformed Services University, the the Department of Molecular and Integrative Neuroscience at University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, the Scripps Research Institute. He has served on numerous and the University of North Texas Science Center. He is a committees at the National Academies, including the Com- graduate of the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medi- mittee on Publications and the Symposium on Neuroscience cine and is board certified in internal medicine. and Brain Research. He is former co-chair of the Report Review Committee and is former chair of the selection com- Emery N. Brown (IOM) is professor of anesthesia in the mittee for the Award in the Neurosciences. He received an Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care at Massachusetts M.D. from Washington University and a B.A. from Southern General Hospital. He is currently also serving as a member Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. of the Committee to Evaluate the National Science Founda- tion Vertically Integrated Grants for Research and Education Richard A. Andersen (NAS/IOM) is professor of neuro Program and recently served on the Committee on Applied science at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. and Theoretical Statistics. Dr. Brown’s expertise has earned He pioneered the study of brain processes for sight, hear- him many awards and honors, including the Harvard Medical ing, balance, and touch; the neural mechanisms of action; School/Hewlett-Packard Outstanding Medical School Gradu- and the development of neural prosthetics. Dr. Andersen ate Award and the National Institute of Mental Health Indepen- was awarded the McKnight Technical Innovation in Neuro dent Scientist Award. He is an elected fellow of the American science Award in 2000 and the McKnight Neuroscience Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He earned Brain Disorders Award in 2005. He is an expert in the field an M.D. magna cum laude, a Ph.D. in statistics, and an M.A. in of brain–computer interfaces and has many publications on statistics from Harvard University. He earned a B.A. in applied his work. Dr. Andersen earned a Ph.D. at the University of mathematics magna cum laude from Harvard College. California at San Francisco, and he served as a postdoctoral fellow at the Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore. Joseph T. Coyle (IOM) is the Eben S. Draper Professor He earned a B.S. in biochemistry from the University of of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Harvard University. He California at Davis. was Distinguished Service Professor of Child Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, chair Ronald R. Blanck is vice chairman of Martin, Blanck & of the Consolidated Department of Psychiatry at Harvard Associates, a health-care consulting firm serving the private Medical School, and president of the American College of sector and government. He retired as the U.S. Army surgeon N europsychopharmacology and the Society for Neuroscience. general in 2000 and as the president of the Health Science Dr. Coyle’s many awards and honors include the Gold Medal Center at the University of North Texas in 2007. Lt. Gen. Award from the Society of Biological Psychiatry and the (ret.) Blanck commanded the U.S. Army Medical Command Pasarow Foundation Award for research in neuropsychiatry. and was a battalion surgeon in the Vietnam War. His military He graduated in cursa honoris cum laude from the College of honors include the Distinguished Service Medal, the Defense the Holy Cross and earned an M.D. from the Johns Hopkins Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, and the Bronze University School of Medicine. Star Medal. He has consulted for the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and taught at Georgetown Univer- Mary L. (Missy) Cummings is an assistant professor in the sity, George Washington University, Howard University Aeronautics and Astronautics Department at the Massachu- 107
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108 OPPORTUNITIES IN NEUROSCIENCE FOR FUTURE ARMY APPLICATIONS setts Institute of Technology. She performs research in col- methods that may predict behaviors,” which appeared in Bio- laborative human–computer decision making for command technology Trends Relevant to Warfare Initiatives in 2005. He and control domains and is a recognized expert in the area of has a Ph.D. in physics from Michigan State University and a human superviory control. Dr. Cummings graduated from the B.S. in applied physics from Wayne State University. U.S. Naval Academy with a B.S. in mathematics in 1988. She received an M.S. in space systems engineering from the Naval Paul W. Glimcher is professor of neural sciences, economics, Postgraduate School in 1994 and a Ph.D. in systems engineer- and psychology at New York University’s Center for Neu- ing from the University of Virginia in 2003. Dr. Cummings ral Science and is the director of the Center for Neuro served as a naval officer from 1988 to 1999 and was among economics at New York University. He has achieved the the first female fighter pilots in the Navy. following: A.B., Princeton University, magna cum laude; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, neuroscience; fellow of J. Mark Davis is professor and director of the Psychoneuro the McKnight, Whitehall, Klingenstein, and McDonnell immunology, Exercise and Nutrition Laboratory in the foundations. Dr. Glimcher is an investigator for the National Division of Applied Physiology within the Department of Eye Institute, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina. He N ational Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. He has published over 110 peer-reviewed articles of relevance was the founding president of the Society for Neuroeconomics; to soldier nutrition, physical training, and mental/physical w inner of the Margaret and Herman Sokol Faculty Award in performance, including “Possible mechanisms of central the Sciences, 2003; and winner of NYU’s Distinguished nervous system fatigue during exercise” and “Effects of (Lifetime Accomplishment) Teaching Award, 2006. He has branched-chain amino acids and carbohydrate on fatigue dur- had articles published in Nature, Science, Neuron Journal of ing intermittent, high-intensity running.” He earned a Ph.D. Neurophysiology, American Economic Review, Games and from Purdue University and a B.S. from California Polytech Economic Behavior, Vision Research, Experimental Brain in San Luis Obispo. Research, and the MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science and was international author of Decisions, Uncertainty, and Michael S. Gazzaniga (IOM) is the first director of the Sage the Brain: The Science of Neuroeconomics from MIT Press Center for the Study of Mind at the University of California, and winner of the American Association of Publishers Medical Santa Barbara. He is past director of the Center for Neuro- Sciences Book of the Year, 2003. Professor Glimcher’s work science at the University of California, Davis. Through his has been covered by The Wall Street Journal, Time, Newsweek, extensive work with split-brain patients, Dr. Gazzaniga has The Los Angeles Times, Money Magazine, and The New Sci- made important advances in our understanding of functional entist and featured on National Public Radio, the BBC, and lateralization in the human brain and of how the cerebral Fox News, among others. hemispheres communicate with one another. His research is well known in both clinical and basic science circles, and Peter A. Hancock is provost distinguished research professor he has written several highly acclaimed books, including for the Department of Psychology, the Institute for Simula- the landmark 1995, 2000, and 2004 editions of The Cogni- tion and Training, and the Department of Civil and Environ- tive Neurosciences, which is recognized as the sourcebook mental Engineering at the University of Central Florida in in the field. Dr. Gazzaniga is the president of the Cognitive Orlando. He is an expert in human factors and ergonomics Neuroscience Institute, which he founded, and is the editor and serves on the National Research Council’s Committee in chief emeritus of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. on Human Factors. Among his many awards, he received Dr. Gazzaniga was elected to the American Academy the John C. Flanagan Award from the Society of Military of Arts and Sciences. He is the elected president of the Psychologists of the American Psychological Association in American Psychological Society, and he also serves on the 2007. Dr. Hancock has authored over 500 refereed scientific President’s Council on Bioethics. He received a Ph.D. in articles and publications, including the handbook on percep- psychobiology from the California Institute of Technology. tion and cognition Human Performance and Ergonomics. He will be delivering the Gifford Lectures at the University He earned a D.Sci. as well as a E.Ed. in anatomy and of Edinburgh in 2009. physiology at Loughborough University in Loughborough, England. He also earned a Ph.D. at the University of Illinois Richard J. Genik, II, is director of the Emergent Technology at Champaign. Research Division and research assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences at Steven Kornguth is director of the Center for Strategic and Wayne State University. Among his many areas of expertise Innovative Technologies and a professor of pharmacy at the are the use of magnetic resonance imaging and the use of University of Texas at Austin. He is a member of the Ameri- fMRI to measure cognitive workload in naturalistic, multi can Society of Neurochemistry, the Neuroscience Society, tasking environments. Dr. Genik has 131 peer-reviewed pub- and the Army Science Board. Dr. Kornguth is professor lications, including “Watching people think” and “Scientific emeritus, neurology and biomolecular chemistry, at the Uni-
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APPENDIX A 109 versity of Wisconsin, Madison. He served on the U.S. Army University, President of the American Society for Clinical Research Laboratory Biotechnology Assessment Committee. Investigation and is currently president of the American He co-organized a joint U.S. Army–Israeli Ministry of Defense Association of Physicians. She is a member of the Institute conference on bioremediation and has published on many of Medicine (IOM) and currently serves on the IOM Council neuroscience topics, including the structure of human synaptic and the National Research Council’s Board on Army Science complexes. He earned a B.A. from Columbia University in and Technology. She earned an M.D. from the University of New York City and a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the Univer- California at San Diego and a B.S. in chemistry from the Uni- sity of Wisconsin, Madison. versity of California at Los Angeles. Martin P. Paulus is professor in residence for the Department Paul J. Zak is professor of economics and founding direc- of Psychiatry at the University of California at San Diego. tor of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies at Claremont Dr. Paulus has a number of publications, including “A tem- Graduate University. Dr. Zak also serves as professor of poral and spatial scaling hypothesis for the behavioral effects neurology at Loma Linda University Medical Center and of psychostimulants,” published in 1991, and “A realistic, is a senior researcher at the University of California at Los minimal ‘middle layer’ for neural networks,” published in Angeles. He is credited with the first published use of the 1989. He received the Society for Biological Psychiatry Out- term “neuroeconomics” and has been at the vanguard of standing Resident Award in 1997 and the National Alliance for this new discipline, which integrates neuroscience and eco- the Mentally Ill Young Investigator Award in 2000. He earned nomics. He organized the world’s first doctoral program in his doctorate in medicine at Johannes Gutenberg University, neuroeconomics at Claremont Graduate University and now Mainz, Germany. He is a member of the American College of administers it. Dr. Zak’s lab discovered in 2004 that a chemi- Neuropsychopharmacology and a member of the Society for cal in our brains, oxytocin, allows us to determine whom to Neuroscience. trust. This knowledge is being used to understand the basis for modern civilizations and economies, for negotiating, Judith L. Swain (IOM) is executive director of the Singapore and for treating patients with neurological and psychiatric Institute for Clinical Sciences, Lien Ying Chow Professor of disorders. He has degrees in mathematics and economics Medicine at the National University of Singapore Yong Loo from San Diego State University, a Ph.D. in economics from Lin School of Medicine, and adjunct professor at the Univer- the University of Pennsylvania, and postdoctoral training in sity of California at San Diego. A proven leader, Dr. Swain neuroimaging from Harvard. served as chair of the Department of Medicine at Stanford