setts Institute of Technology. She performs research in collaborative human–computer decision making for command and control domains and is a recognized expert in the area of human superviory control. Dr. Cummings graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy with a B.S. in mathematics in 1988. She received an M.S. in space systems engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1994 and a Ph.D. in systems engineering from the University of Virginia in 2003. Dr. Cummings served as a naval officer from 1988 to 1999 and was among the first female fighter pilots in the Navy.


J. Mark Davis is professor and director of the Psychoneuroimmunology, Exercise and Nutrition Laboratory in the Division of Applied Physiology within the Department of Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina. He has published over 110 peer-reviewed articles of relevance to soldier nutrition, physical training, and mental/physical performance, including “Possible mechanisms of central nervous system fatigue during exercise” and “Effects of branched-chain amino acids and carbohydrate on fatigue during intermittent, high-intensity running.” He earned a Ph.D. from Purdue University and a B.S. from California Polytech in San Luis Obispo.


Michael S. Gazzaniga (IOM) is the first director of the Sage Center for the Study of Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is past director of the Center for Neuroscience at the University of California, Davis. Through his extensive work with split-brain patients, Dr. Gazzaniga has made important advances in our understanding of functional lateralization in the human brain and of how the cerebral hemispheres communicate with one another. His research is well known in both clinical and basic science circles, and he has written several highly acclaimed books, including the landmark 1995, 2000, and 2004 editions of The Cognitive Neurosciences, which is recognized as the sourcebook in the field. Dr. Gazzaniga is the president of the Cognitive Neuroscience Institute, which he founded, and is the editor in chief emeritus of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Dr. Gazzaniga was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is the elected president of the American Psychological Society, and he also serves on the President’s Council on Bioethics. He received a Ph.D. in psychobiology from the California Institute of Technology. He will be delivering the Gifford Lectures at the University of Edinburgh in 2009.


Richard J. Genik, II, is director of the Emergent Technology Research Division and research assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences at Wayne State University. Among his many areas of expertise are the use of magnetic resonance imaging and the use of fMRI to measure cognitive workload in naturalistic, multitasking environments. Dr. Genik has 131 peer-reviewed publications, including “Watching people think” and “Scientific methods that may predict behaviors,” which appeared in Biotechnology Trends Relevant to Warfare Initiatives in 2005. He has a Ph.D. in physics from Michigan State University and a B.S. in applied physics from Wayne State University.


Paul W. Glimcher is professor of neural sciences, economics, and psychology at New York University’s Center for Neural Science and is the director of the Center for Neuroeconomics at New York University. He has achieved the following: A.B., Princeton University, magna cum laude; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, neuroscience; fellow of the McKnight, Whitehall, Klingenstein, and McDonnell foundations. Dr. Glimcher is an investigator for the National Eye Institute, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. He was the founding president of the Society for Neuroeconomics; winner of the Margaret and Herman Sokol Faculty Award in the Sciences, 2003; and winner of NYU’s Distinguished (Lifetime Accomplishment) Teaching Award, 2006. He has had articles published in Nature, Science, Neuron Journal of Neurophysiology, American Economic Review, Games and Economic Behavior, Vision Research, Experimental Brain Research, and the MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science and was international author of Decisions, Uncertainty, and the Brain: The Science of Neuroeconomics from MIT Press and winner of the American Association of Publishers Medical Sciences Book of the Year, 2003. Professor Glimcher’s work has been covered by The Wall Street Journal, Time, Newsweek, The Los Angeles Times, Money Magazine, and The New Scientist and featured on National Public Radio, the BBC, and Fox News, among others.


Peter A. Hancock is provost distinguished research professor for the Department of Psychology, the Institute for Simulation and Training, and the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He is an expert in human factors and ergonomics and serves on the National Research Council’s Committee on Human Factors. Among his many awards, he received the John C. Flanagan Award from the Society of Military Psychologists of the American Psychological Association in 2007. Dr. Hancock has authored over 500 refereed scientific articles and publications, including the handbook on perception and cognition Human Performance and Ergonomics. He earned a D.Sci. as well as a E.Ed. in anatomy and physiology at Loughborough University in Loughborough, England. He also earned a Ph.D. at the University of Illinois at Champaign.


Steven Kornguth is director of the Center for Strategic and Innovative Technologies and a professor of pharmacy at the University of Texas at Austin. He is a member of the American Society of Neurochemistry, the Neuroscience Society, and the Army Science Board. Dr. Kornguth is professor emeritus, neurology and biomolecular chemistry, at the Uni-



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