TABLE 7-2 Priority Opportunities for Army Investment in Neuroscience Technologies (Recommendation 15)

Technology Opportunity

ME

RE

Time Framea

Current Investment (L, M, or H)

Commercial

Academic

Haptic feedback with VR

x

 

Medium term

H

L

Augmented reality (virtual overlay onto real world)

x

x

Medium term

H

H

In-helmet EEG for cognitive state detection and threat assessment

x

x

Medium term

L

M

Information workload management

x

 

Far term

L

M

Time-locked, in-magnet VR and monitoring for fMRI

 

x

Medium term

L

M

Immersive, in-magnet virtual reality

 

x

Near term

L

M

EEG physiology

x

x

Far term

L

H

Uses of TMS for attention enhancement

 

x

Medium term

L

M

In-vehicle TMS deployment

x

 

Far term

L

L

Heartbeat variability

x

x

Near and medium term

L

H

Galvanic skin response

x

x

Near and medium term

H

L

NOTE: ME, mission-enabling; RE, research-enabling; L/M/H, low, medium, or high; VR, virtual reality; TMS, transcranial magnetic stimulation.

aIn this column, “near term” means within 5 years, “medium term” means between 5 and 10 years, and “far term” means 10-20 years.

SOURCE: Committee-generated.

TABLE 7-3 Possible Future Opportunities (Neuroscience Areas Worthy of Monitoring for Future Army Investment)

Technology Opportunity

ME

RE

Time Framea

Current Investment (L, M, or H)

Commercial

Academic

Brain–computer interface system (direct)

x

 

Far term

H

H

Imaging cognition

 

x

Far term

L

H

Neuropharmacological technology

 

x

Far term

M

M

Advanced fMRI data collection

 

x

Medium term

M

M

Averaging methodology for fMRI

 

x

Medium term

L

M

Brain database aggregation

 

x

Far term

M

M

Default mode networks

x

x

Medium term

L

H

Inverse MRI

 

x

Medium term

L

M

Low-field MRI

x

x

Far term

L

M

Uses of TMS for brain network inhibition

 

x

Far term

L

M

Safety of multiple exposures to TMS

 

x

Medium term

M

M

In-helmet TMS deployment

x

 

Far term

L

L

Connectomics

 

x

Far term

L

M

Atomic magnetometers

x

x

Far term

M

M

NOTE: ME, mission-enabling; RE, research-enabling; L/M/H, low, medium, or high; fMRI, functional magnetic resonance imaging; MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; and TMS, transcranial magnetic stimulation.

aIn this column, “medium term” means between 5 and 10 years and “far term” means 10-20 years.

SOURCE: Committee-generated.

and noise-filtering algorithms, before the technology can be implemented?

The committee considered all of the topics in Tables 7-1 and 7-2 worthy of immediate investment but left up to the Army their relative prioritization within each group. Initial priorities might depend, for instance, on the relative importance to the Army of the applications served; these priorities might then change based on research progress. As defined at the very beginning of this chapter, a technology is categorized as mission-enabling (ME column in the tables) if it is instrumental in assisting the warfighter or commander in an operational mission or in a training or assessment mission. It is research-enabling (RE column) if it is instrumental in filling a critical gap in current research capability. Research-enabling instruments are expected to be brought into service on a smaller scale to study and evaluate warfighter or commander performance, perhaps in the laboratory, perhaps in simulated environments. The research is expected to shed neuroscientific light onto current or future Army training and doctrine and to yield concrete suggestions to improve



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