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Ammonoids, xv, 175, 176-177, 184, 185, 186, 197, 199

Amphibians

chytridiomycosis, 2, 35-37, 38, 42, 44

climate change and, 2, 30, 38-41, 42, 44

conservation, 35, 36, 42

current extinction spasm, 2, 28, 30, 37, 40, 42, 43-44, 331

diversity geographically, 31, 32, 34, 43, 266

habitat modification, 2, 30, 37, 40, 41, 42

invasive species and, 35, 42

new species, 40-41, 42, 43

number of recognized species, 31, 42, 68

parasites, 68, 72

pollution and, 30-31, 35, 332

Rana of Sierra Nevada, 33-37

survival of mass extinctions, 2, 28-29, 30, 43

threatened and endangered species, 27, 30-33, 34, 41-43, 72

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II, 144

Angiosperms

classification, 248

elevational diversity gradients, 127-147

Annelida, 66

Apicomplexa/Microspora, 66

Aquaculture, 11, 23, 24, 25

Aquarium of the Pacific, 327

Arborescent lycopsids, 182

Archaea, 150, 156, 287

Archaeocyathids, 179

Architectural diversity, 171, 179-180, 182, 183, 184, 186-187

Arctostaphylos, 254

Artiodactyls, 273

Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium, iv, viii, xiii-xiv, xvi, 103-104, 147, 166

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of Asian Art, viii

Arthropleura, 175

Arthropoda, 66, 174, 181, 319-320, 321

Asia

clade disjunctions, 256, 258

species diversity, 259

Asteraceae (sunflower family), 248-249, 250, 259

Atelopus spp., 37, 39

Atlantic Ocean

sea floor spreading, 29, 256

species declines and extinctions, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 17, 29, 59

Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus), 7

Audubon Society, 323

Australia.

See also Indo-Australian Archipelago

amphibian populations, 2, 32, 37, 38

butterfly declines, 322

fishery collapse, 11

human impacts, 233, 269

marsupials, 203

mass extinctions, 229, 230, 231-232, 233, 269

megafauna biomass, 239

parks and preserves, 336

phytoplankton pigment concentration, 50

Aves. See Birds

Avise, John C., iv, xiii-xiv, 244, 281-296

Ayala, Francisco J., xiii-xiv

Ayala, Hana, 290

B

Back to Natives program, 326

Bacterial communities

abiotic filtering, 133, 134, 156

ecosystem services, 150

elevational diversity gradients in soil communities, 127-147

Baltic Sea, 15

Baltica continental plate, 199

Barbados, coral reefs, 19

Barnosky, Anthony D., 168-169, 227-241

Barro Colorado Island, 115, 116, 117

Bartlett, Troy, 320-321

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, 35-36, 38, 42, 44

Bats, 124, 265, 273

Bay of Fundy, 7-8, 11

Beach Bluffs Restoration Project, 327

Bees, 308, 324, 339

Beetles, 65, 322, 324

Behavioral and social complexity, 171, 180, 182-183, 184, 294-295

Beilschmiedia pendula, 116

Belding’s Savannah sparrow, 327

Belemnites, 185

Beringia, 75, 229, 230, 231-232, 257, 258

Bielby, Jon, 263-279

Bignoniaceae, 115, 117

Billfishes, 16, 17



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