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Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R. P., 263-279

BioBlitz biodiversity surveys, 314, 317

Biodiversity.

See also individual taxa and ecosystems

benefits, xv, 150

center of origin hypothesis, 50-51

centers of, 45, 48

cradles of, 266, 267

defined, xiii, 28

economic importance, 307-308

energy/productivity hypothesis, 49-50

global estimates, 66

gradients, 47-51, 69-70, 73-74, 75

hotspots, xvi, 2, 51-55, 253, 289, 290, 319

human impacts, 1-2, 330-335;

see also Habitat fragment and loss;

Human population;

Hunting;

losses, xvi, 28, 88;

see also Extinction;

Mass extinctions

network of interactions, 173, 186

number of species, 63, 64-69, 88

outlook for, xvi, 24, 260-261, 331-335

saturation point, 93

scientific efforts, xvi

Biodiversity genetics

legacy biotas in Pleistocene Parks, 244, 281-282, 289-292

public education applications, 244, 282, 293-296

standardization of biological classification, 244, 281, 283-289

Biodiversity Project, 300, 302

Biofuel production, 335, 336

Biogeochemical cycling, 18, 24, 129, 153

Biomass

carrying capacity for megafauna, 236-237

crash, 227, 231-234

domesticates, 232, 239-240

estimating, 238-240

fisheries, 8-10, 14, 16-17

human, 227, 231, 233, 234, 236, 237, 238

nonhuman megafauna, 227, 239

parasites, 81

recovery after QME, 227, 234-236

tradeoffs, 168-169, 229, 233

Biophilia, 306

Bioreactor models, 158

Bird diversity

extinctions, 8, 9, 86, 88, 91, 93, 186, 197, 205, 231

geographical distribution of, 73-74, 75-76, 252, 266

habitat loss, 205, 323

introduced species, 99

island species, 91, 93-94, 101

land species, 73-76

land-use changes and, 75-76

marine species, 9

parasites, 68, 69, 73-75

pollution and, 332

predation and, 93, 323

surveys, 321, 323, 324-325

Bivalve mollusks.

See also specific bivalves

collapse of fisheries, 13

recovery dynamics after K-T extinction, 168, 199, 200, 201-203

rudist, 175, 176, 179, 180, 185, 193, 196-197

Black Sea, 24

Blastoids, 175, 184

Blastozoans, 176

Bluegill sunfish, 295

Bobcat, 324

Body size

bivalve, 192, 194, 195

and ecosystem process rates, 164

and endemism, 2, 45, 53, 54, 55-56, 57-58, 59, 60-61

and energy budget, 237

and extinction/speciation dynamics, 45, 46, 49-50, 51, 54, 56, 59, 60-61, 168, 192, 194, 195, 196, 265, 271, 272, 273, 275

and geographic range size, 57-60, 61, 194, 272

and habitat saturation, 55, 57

and hitchhiking effects, 196

and life history patterns, 51, 55-58

megafauna, 228-229, 237

productivity and, 49, 53-54, 60-61, 229

and reproductive capacity, 55, 56, 59, 265

stomatopods, 45, 46, 48, 49-50, 51, 53, 54, 55-58, 59, 60-61

terrain elevation and, 49-50, 54, 55, 60, 61, 272

Bohai Sea, 9, 13

Bolitoglossini, 31, 40

Bolivia, 112

Borda-De-Água, Luis, 107-125

Brachiopods, 59, 175, 176, 179, 180, 183, 184, 199



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