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Braulio Carrillo National Park, 38

Brazil

Amazonian tree species, 107, 108, 112, 113, 114, 115-116, 117, 118-124, 338

amphibian species, 32

biofuel production, 335

deforestation rates, 298, 330, 335

Bromeliaceae, 259

Brown, Elisabeth, 319

Brown widow spider, 323-324

Bryant, Jessica A., 84, 127-147

Bryant, Peter J., 245, 317-327

Bryozoans, 179, 180, 184, 197

Bufo spp., 33, 37

Bugguide web site, 320-321

Butterfly monitoring, 321-323, 324, 325, 327

C

Cactaceae, 250

Caecilians, 2, 27, 31, 43

California

Academy of Sciences, 313

Channel Islands, 92

chaparral, 254-256

Coastal Commission, 326

conservation initiatives, 245, 295, 313, 318-327

Orange County, 245, 318-327

plant species richness, 92

salt marshes, 70

Sierra Nevada amphibians, 27-28, 33, 35, 37, 38, 30, 40, 41

California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica), 319

California least tern, 327

Cambrian

biotic recoveries, 186, 210, 212

Burgess Shale fauna, 176

developmental diversity, 181

diversity patterns, 186, 212, 215, 223

extinctions, 175, 182, 185

food webs, 179

reefs, 179-180

temporal banding, 287

Cane toad (Bufo marinus), 42

Captain Dave’s Dolphin Safari, 323

Carbon, 18, 136, 137, 142, 146, 150, 154, 155, 157, 165, 183, 309, 329, 332, 335, 339

Carbon dioxide, 18, 154, 155, 157, 165, 332

Carcharhinus spp., 9

Cardillo, Marcel, 263-279

Caribbean

coral reefs, 10, 18, 19, 20, 21, 47

monk seal, 21

recovery from mass extinctions, 198, 221

Carnivores, 9, 10, 31, 89, 90, 101, 177, 191, 235, 239, 240, 265, 273, 274-275, 333

Carpinteria Salt Marsh, 70

Carrying capacities for ecosystems, 185-186, 236-237

Caryophyllales, 250

Ceanothus, 254

Cenozoic

diversity increases, 174, 209, 212

extinctions, 48, 59, 174, 187, 189, 202, 217

hotspots and coldspots, 204

invasive species, 189

mollusks, 174, 192, 193, 202

reefs, 180

species counts, 212

Center of accumulation hypothesis, 48-49

Central America

amphibians, 37, 39

chytridiomycosis in amphibians, 37, 38

isthmus, 59

Central Pacific, coral reefs, 2, 19, 20, 22, 45, 47, 53, 54, 61

CENTURY model, 151

Cephalopods, 195

Cestodes, 2, 64, 68, 69, 72

Chaetognatha, 66

Chavez, Hugo, 331

Chesapeake Bay, 7, 13, 15

China, viii, 32

Chondrichthys, 68, 72

Chordata, 66

Christmas Island, 104, 106

Chytridiomycosis, 2, 35-37, 38, 42, 44

Ciliophora, 66

Citizen science, 313-314, 318-327

Clark University, vii

Climate change

adaptation to, 247, 249, 250-251, 252, 254-255, 258, 260-261

and amphibian declines, 2, 30, 38-41, 42, 44

and avian-parasite diversity, 75-76

bolide impacts and, 28-29

cloud line, 39

and coral reefs, 21, 22, 23, 26, 46, 332

El Niño conditions, 17, 38



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