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HARDBACK
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Taxon

Starting Date

Location

% Loss

Ref.

Oysters

Pristine

Global

91

Lötze et al. (2006)

Mussels

Pristine

Global

47

Lötze et al. (2006)

Crustaceans

Pristine

Global

39

Lötze et al. (2006)

Other invertebrates

Pristine

Global

49

Lötze et al. (2006)

Seagrass

Pristine

Global

65

Lötze et al. (2006)

SAVa

Pristine

Global

48

Lötze et al. (2006)

Wetlands

Pristine

Global

67

Lötze et al. (2006)

Large carnivores

Pristine

Global

77

Lötze et al. (2006)

Small carnivores

Pristine

Global

60

Lötze et al. (2006)

Large herbivores

Pristine

Global

63

Lötze et al. (2006)

Small herbivores

Pristine

Global

54

Lötze et al. (2006)

Suspension feeders

Pristine

Global

68

Lötze et al. (2006)

Shelf and pelagic fisheries

Large predatory fishes

1900

N. Atlantic

89

Christensen et al. (2003)

Atlantic cod

1852

Scotian shelf

96

Rosenberg et al. (2005)

Fish 4–16 kg

Pristine

North Sea

97

Jennings and Blanchard (2004)

Fish 16–66 kg

Pristine

North Sea

99

Jennings and Blanchard (2004)

Large predatory fish

1950s

Global

90

Myers and Worm (2003)

Large pelagic predators

1950s

Tropical Pacific

90

Polacheck (2006)

Fishery biomass

1959

Bohai Sea

95

Tang et al. (2003)

Coastal and pelagic sharks

Hammerheads

1986

N.W. Atlantic

89

Baum et al. (2003)

Scalloped hammerhead

1972

North Carolina

98

Myers et al. (2007)

White

1986

N.W. Atlantic

79

Baum et al. (2003)

Tiger

1986

N.W. Atlantic

65

Baum et al. (2003)

Tiger

1973

North Carolina

97

Myers et al. (2007)

Carcharhinus spp.

1986

N.W. Atlantic

61

Baum et al. (2003)

Thresher

1986

N.W. Atlantic

80

Baum et al. (2003)

Blue

1986

N.W. Atlantic

60

Baum et al. (2003)

Mako

1986

N.W. Atlantic

70

Baum et al. (2003)

Mako

1950s

Gulf of Mexico

45

Baum and Myers(2004)

Oceanic whitetip

1950s

Gulf of Mexico

99

Baum and Myers (2004)

Silky

1950s

Gulf of Mexico

91

Baum and Myers (2004)

Dusky

1950s

Gulf of Mexico

79

Baum and Myers (2004)

Dusky

1972

North Carolina

99

Myers et al. (2007)

Blacktip shark

1972

North Carolina

93

Myers et al. (2007)



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