. "5 Species Invasions and Extinction: The Future of Native Biodiversity on Islands--DOV F. SAX and STEVEN D. GAINES." In the Light of Evolution, Volume II: Biodiversity and Extinction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2008.
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In the Light of Evolution: Volume II—Biodiversity and Extinction
TABLE 5.1 Ratio (and Standard Error) of Naturalized to Native Plant Species on Oceanic Islands
nificant regression lines for 1860, 1940, and 1960 occurred in periods when relatively few historical surveys were conducted on these islands such that few data points are available for analysis (see Appendix text). The regressions from 2000 and 1880, when a relatively large number of individual data points are available, illustrate the consistency in slope among these periods (Fig. 5.4B). The consistency in the slope but change in intercept implies that the proportion of naturalized-to-native species has generally been consistent across islands within any given time interval but different
FIGURE 5.4 Across 20-year time intervals from 1880 to the present, the slope of log-log regressions between native and naturalized richness has been relatively constant, whereas the intercepts have changed; this implies that the 1:1 relationship currently observed between native and naturalized richness is a recent phenomenon but that, at repeated points during the past 120 years, there has been a consistent ratio of native-to-naturalized species across islands. (A) Regression lines are illustrated for each 20-year interval that had a significant relationship; limited data reduced the statistical power for the 1860, 1940, and 1960 time intervals. (B) The regression lines and individual data points are shown for the two time intervals with the greatest amount of data.